西方世界的中国风

Special Focus - - Culture - 文|李姗

In the year 1700, in or­der to cel­e­brate the com­ing of a new cen­tury, Louis XIV wore a Chi­nese style gar­ment to at­tend a gala held in the mag­nif­i­cent hall of Ver­sailles. The crowds were stunned when he ap­peared in a Chi­nese style sedan chair car­ried by eight peo­ple.

1700年,为庆祝新世纪的到来,路易十四在法国凡尔赛宫金碧辉煌的大厅里举行盛大舞会时曾身着中国式服装,坐在一顶中国式八抬大轿里出场,使得全场惊叹。

( The Chi­nese style Christ­mas party held by Louis XIV)

(路易十四的中国元素圣诞派对)

Chi­nese style was re­flected in the whole of Euro­pean so­ci­ety, per­me­at­ing ev­ery as­pect of life. Ar­ti­cles of daily use, in­te­rior dec­o­ra­tions, gar­dens, and ar­chi­tec­ture all paid ho­mage to Chi­nese style. “Chi­nese fever” was even more prom­i­nent in the royal fam­ily and no­bil­ity.

( The In­te­rior Scene of Host­ing Vis­i­tors, 86×118cm, 1630, Geneva Musée d’Art et d’Histoire)

这种中国风体现在当时整个欧洲社会中,并渗透到欧洲人生活的各个层面。日用物品、家居装饰、园林建筑等都有中国元素的影子,尤其受到王室贵族们的追捧。

(《接待客人的室内场景》,86×118cm, 1630年,日内瓦艺术和历史博物馆)

(The cover of A New Book of Chi­nese Or­na­ments by Jean Fille­ment, print, 86×118cm, 1755, Vic­to­ria and Al­bert Mu­seum)

(吉恩·毕伊芒《中国风设计图案》封面,版画, 86×118cm,1755年,维多利亚和阿尔伯特博物馆)

With the ma­tu­rity of the East-West trade, more and more tea sets were ex­ported to the west ev­ery year. In the paint­ings of the Bri­tish painter Ge­orge Dun­lop Les­lie, we can of­ten see Chi­nese blue and white porce­lain. (Chi­nese el­e­ments of­ten ap­pears in the works of Ge­orge Dun­lop Les­lie)

Through the eyes of a Chi­nese per­son, it is true that see­ing these images of el­e­gant ladies wear­ing the ap­parel of early Euro­pean style and us­ing the blue and white porce­lains from China ren­ders us a feel­ing that is quite in­ter­est­ing. The blue and white pat­tern opened up their eyes, help­ing them learn about China and its charm. The beauty of China in Western peo­ple’s eyes is also chang­ing and deep­en­ing with their in­creas­ing knowl­edge of China.

( Trans­lated: Yu Lan)

随着东西贸易的成熟,用于出口的中国茶具每年被船只运往西方。在英国画家乔治·邓禄普·莱斯利的作品中,经常能看到中国元素青花瓷的身影。

不得不说,当画家笔下柔美优雅,身着欧洲早期服饰的女子们使用着来自遥远中国的青花瓷,这是一种既陌生又朴素的情感。简洁庄重的青花图案,为他们打开了对中国魅力的审视与热爱,西方人眼中的中国美也在他们不断了解中国的过程中变化着。

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