荆楚风格现代建筑案例

译 / 刘洁

Special Focus - - Society -

现代建筑创作再现“荆楚风格”,是湖北建筑师孜孜以求的目标。运用传统手法、摘取历史符号,以增加建筑空间和造型的人文气息,是当今现代建筑非常值得探讨的创作之路。

通过对荆楚文化内涵、特征的系统梳理,和对湖北历史建筑的全面回顾,我们不难发现,荆楚文化中的文化内涵、文化元素、文化特质,对荆楚建筑的设计、建造、装饰诸方面,产生了深厚的影响,荆楚文化为荆楚建筑打下深深的烙印,形成所谓荆楚派风格。

有鉴于此,我们通过挖掘楚文化的内涵,探寻荆楚文化在现代建筑设计中的运用价值与推广,力图将现代建筑技术、功能空间、自然环境、生活习俗、历史文脉巧妙地结合一体,获得独特的艺术风 貌和文化品味,为湖北当代建筑注入文化基因与文化记忆。

1. 湖北出版文化城

湖北出版文化城设计灵感来源于楚文化符号——编钟。主体建筑利用原有双塔形成具有编钟意象的整体造型,孔洞状的方窗形似编钟上的突起。双塔头部之两翼呈翅状展开,取意于楚文化中凤的意象,充满力量与浪漫之感。而双塔的玻璃幕墙,宛如两条飞龙冲天而起,动感十足。

2.东湖磨山楚城城门望楼

东湖楚城城门上的双阙望楼,造型取自楚国虎座凤架鼓的造型,由此演变出双凤脊饰傲踞望楼的屋顶之上,以展示楚人尊凤崇凤的习俗。

3. 武汉琴台大剧院

武汉琴台大剧院的设计,巧妙地取古琴神韵,将其抽象,提取其基本线型和元素,并按照理性的原则,重塑独特的建筑语言,外伸的构架如同钢琴敲击的簧片,极具雕塑感和阳刚之气。

4. 湖北省博物馆

湖北省博物馆高台基、宽屋檐、大坡面屋顶的仿古建筑三足鼎立,整个建筑风格突出了楚国多层宽屋檐、大坡式屋顶等楚式建筑特点。

5. 武昌火车站

武昌火车站新站正是运用了楚地建筑中的中轴对称、高台、宽屋檐、大坡式屋顶等独特的建筑形式,来传承楚地历史文化精髓。

(图文来源:荆楚网)

soar­ing in the sky, bring­ing out a strong sense of mo­tion.

2. The Watch Tower on the Gate of An­cient Chu City at the East Lake

The watch tower with twin Que ( i. e. look­out sta­tions) on the gate has got the shape from that of a drum in the Chu State, which had a pedestal with the shape of a tiger and a frame­work of twin phoenixes hold­ing a drum in be­tween, from which de­vel­oped the idea of a ridge dec­o­rated with twin phoenixes nestling on the roof of the watch tower, show­ing Chu peo­ple’s cus­tom of ad­mir­ing phoenixes.

3. Wuhan Qin­tai Grand Theatre

The de­sign of the Theatre has sub­tly ex­tracted the essence of guqin, a seven-stringed plucked in­stru­ment sim­i­lar to the zither, and ab­stracted it with the ex­trac­tion of its ba­sic line types and el­e­ments. Then they are ar­ranged in ac­cor­dance with ra­tio­nal­ism to recre­ate a unique ar­chi­tec­tural lan­guage. The ob­tru­sive struc­ture of the Theater looks like the reed of a pi­ano, with a great sculp­tural and mas­cu­line sense.

4. Hubei Pro­vin­cial Mu­seum

The Mu­seum is pseudo- clas­sic ar­chi­tec­ture with high sty­lo­bate, wide reaves, and a steep slop­ing roof, which as­sumes a tri­par­tite lay­out, high­light­ing the dis­tinc­tive fea­tures of wide reaves of mul­ti­lay­ers and steep slop­ing roof char­ac­ter­is­tic of Chu ar­chi­tec­ture.

5. Wuchang Rail­way Sta­tion

It is by ap­ply­ing the ar­chi­tec­tural forms of mid­line sym­me­try, high sty­lo­bate, wide reaves, and steep slop­ing roof of Chu build­ings that the new Wuchang Rail­way Sta­tion in­her­its the essence of the his­tory and cul­ture of Chu area.

(Source: cn­hubei.com)

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