Tast­ing the Ori­en­tal Chicago on the East Lake Green­way

步东湖绿道品东方芝加哥

Special Focus - - Contents - Bo Ning 柏宁

Wuhan is the largest in­ter­na­tional metropoli­tan city along the Yangtze River in cen­tral China. It is also known as the “City of Lakes” and the “Ori­en­tal Chicago.” Like a piece of fine jade, the East Lake is one of the most beau­ti­ful among all lakes. Cov­er­ing an area of 33 square kilo­me­ters, it is one of China’s largest in­city lakes.

Through­out Wuhan’s his­tory, the city and the lake have nour­ished and com­ple­mented each other. If we talk about the “Ori­en­tal Chicago,” the first topic we need to pick up is the East Lake. Look­ing west from the east side of the lake, sky­scrapers rise above the lush maple trees and cast a re­flec­tion on the crys­tal clear wa­ter. The beauty of the scenery re­sem­bles Chicago against the back­drop of Lake Michi­gan.

The East Lake has be­come a place where busy ur­ban dwellers come to seek peace and leisure. Now with the green­way open for use, they have one more way to en­joy the nour­ish­ment of na­ture.

A Green Heart of Leg­endary Ori­gins

Leg­ends have been passed down through the gen­er­a­tions about the East Lake. One is about the dragon prince who lived in the East China Sea. He had a beau­ti­ful piece of jade— huge and fine. The prince loved it so much that he never sep­a­rated with it. He adorned it with col­or­ful rib­bons and braids. One day, the jade ac­ci­den­tally fell to the hu­man’s world and turned into a lake—its rib­bons be­com­ing rivers and braids bays. The prince de­scended im­me­di­ately to take it back but it was too late. In des­per­a­tion, the prince turned into a moun­tain to ac­com­pany the jade. The lake the jade turned into is the East Lake, and the moun­tain the prince turned into is Moshan Moun­tain. That’s why Moshan Moun­tain is also known as Dragon Head Moun­tain.

In re­cent years, the Wuhan Mu­nic­i­pal Gov­ern­ment de­cided to make the East Lake the eco­log­i­cal green heart of the city, and build a green­way along the perime­ter of the East Lake within three years in three dif­fer­ent phases, which will be­come the “veins” to the “green heart.” The project is un­doubt­edly world-class. The to­tal length of the green­way is about 124 km, of which 82 km is the main path and 42 km side tracks. The first two phases of project have been fin­ished, with 101 km com­pleted and open to the pub­lic. Sec­ondly,

武汉,也叫江城,中国中部长江边最大的国际化大都市,素有“百湖之城”、“东方芝加哥”之称。东湖是百湖之中一块美玉,也是中国最大的城中湖之一,水域面积达33 平方公里。

古往今来,城湖相养,相得益彰。说“东方芝加哥”之美誉,还得说东湖之滨的美。从湖东往西看,林立的高楼从葱绿的枫树中耸起,倒映在清澈的水面,是景更似画,仿佛密歇根湖映衬下的芝加哥。

徜徉在东湖湖光山色之间已是城市人躲避喧嚣的休闲绝佳选择,而今匠心独运的绿道开发,更使人们从闲庭信步中尽享大自然的给养。

美玉下凡化绿心

关于东湖的由来,民间有着种种传说,其中之一这样说道:东海龙太子有美玉一枚,硕大晶莹。太子对其爱不释手,缀以彩带,饰以 美穗,终日佩戴,不离其身。一日,美玉不慎跌落人间,就地化为湖泊,彩带化作江河,美穗变成湖湾、港汊。太子紧随下凡,想衔回美玉,奈何为时已晚。无奈之下,太子化为山峦,时时与美玉相伴。美玉所化,乃今日之东湖,而龙头便是如今的磨山,故磨山亦有龙头山之称。

近年,武汉市提出将东湖建成“生态绿心”,并沿东湖各湖打造绿道工程,分三期建设,三年内建成,给这颗绿心装上了“律动的脉搏”。这条绿道无疑是世界级的,首先是她规划总长约124 公里,其中绿道主线 82 公里,绿道次线 42公里。一二期 101 公里已建成并对外开放。其次,她串联多处景点,让游客健身观景两不误。据了解,东湖绿道已成为中国国内最长城市核心区环湖绿道。

动静皆宜大手笔

身处钢筋水泥的都市楼丛,面 对纷纷扰扰的人事繁杂,越来越多的人渴求在城市生活的重压之下,觅一方静谧之所,把健身寄托于观景之中,东湖绿道首当其选。

作为国内首条城区内 5A级景区绿道,去年,1285万人次造访东湖风景区,移步东湖绿道的就超过 800 万人次,日高峰达 26 万人次以上,高峰小时客流超过3 万人次。

2016年,武汉东湖绿道项目,入选“联合国人居署中国改善城市公共空间示范项目”,并在第三次全球人居大会上进行国际宣传推广。联合国副秘书长华安·克洛斯实地考察后感慨:“东湖绿道真正意义上实现了武汉城市公共空间平等共享,给市民提供了更可达、更生态、更包容的公共休闲场所。”

如果说杭州的西湖美如小家碧玉,东湖则更彰显大家风范。静可令游客领略湖光山色之美,动可供玩家放松身心、畅快玩乐。截至

the green­way con­nects all the scenic spots so that vis­i­tors can ex­er­cise while sur­rounded by beau­ti­ful views. The East Lake Green­way is the long­est path sur­round­ing a city-cen­ter lake in China.

A Place for Tran­quil­ity and Re­cre­ation

In the for­est of sky­scrapers and chaos of so­cial in­ter­ac­tions, more and more peo­ple wish to es­cape from the pres­sure of city life and find a place of peace and re­lax­ation, where they can en­joy views while ex­er­cis­ing, and the East Lake is their first choice.

Last year, nearly 13 mil­lion peo­ple vis­ited the East Lake Scenic Area. As the first walk­ing path within a na­tional 5A-level scenic spot in China, the green­way at­tracted peo­ple from many walks of life. On peak days, more than 260,000 peo­ple vis­ited the Green­way, and at peak hours, more than 30,000 peo­ple were shar­ing the path si­mul­ta­ne­ously.

In 2016, the Wuhan East Lake Green­way Project was listed as a demon­stra­tion project of ur­ban pub­lic space im­prove­ment in China by United Na­tions Hu­man Set­tle­ments Pro­gramme ( UNHabi­tat), and was pro­moted in­ter­na­tion­ally at the Habi­tat III Con­fer­ence. Dr. Joan Clos, Ex­ec­u­tive Di­rec­tor of UN-Habi­tat, ex­pressed af­ter vis­it­ing the East Lake him­self, “The East Lake Green­way truly is an ex­am­ple of peo­ple’s equal rights to ur­ban pub­lic spa­ces in Wuhan. It pro­vides lo­cal cit­i­zens with pub­lic leisure space which is ac­ces­si­ble, eco­log­i­cal, and in­clu­sive.”

If you say that the West Lake in Hangzhou is as beau­ti­ful as a pure maiden, the East Lake in Wuhan is more com­pa­ra­ble to a cul­tured lady. For peo­ple seek­ing a re­lax­ing mo­ment, they can rest and en­joy the moun­tain and the lake; for those look­ing for ex­er­cise, they can play and have fun. By the end of 2017, 713 events had been held in the green­way area, in­clud­ing a marathon, the C4 sum­mit, and a cy­cling race, which al­to­gether at­tracted nearly 320,000 par­tic­i­pants. In 2018, the first Na­tional

2017 年底,绿道内共计开展活动 713 场次,包括马拉松赛、C4 峰会、环东湖绿道自行车赛等大型赛事活动,各项现场活动参与人数达 32 万人次。2018年全国首届大学生马拉松赛相中东湖绿道,2019年世界军运会帆船赛和马拉松赛同样选址于此。

风水宝地藏雅趣

东湖是龙太子形影不离的随身美玉,也是令文人墨客、历史先贤流连忘返的风水宝地。其草木山水,既有自然之美,亦有人文之趣。

东湖风景区内有景观景点 100 多处,12个大小湖泊,120多个岛洲,112公里湖岸线曲折,环湖 34座山峰绵延起伏,10000 余亩山林林木葱郁。

她是植物王国,植物类型多样,景观独特,水生植物科数占中国水生植物科数的40.37%,世界的 29.87%。其湿地原生态保护区内种有古树名木对节白蜡、红豆树、金桂、垂直重阳木、古朴等,树龄多达200 年以上。

梅园、荷园、樱园等 13个植物专类园各具特色。东湖梅园有梅花品种320 余种,其中152个品种登录国际植物名录,占全世界梅花登录品种的 60%,居全球第一,有腊梅品种100余种,占世界90%。荷园有荷花700多种,占世界 80% 以上,是世界规模最大、品种最全的荷花品种资源苗圃。樱园与日本弘前樱花园和美国华盛顿樱花园并称为世界三大赏樱胜地,种植樱花50 多种 10000 余株。

东湖更是鸟儿的天堂,5大类型 234 种珍稀鸟类栖息于此。其中濒危鸟类 2 种、二级保护鸟类9种、省级保护鸟类10 种,是观鸟旅游的绝佳场所。

自古以来,东湖就是游览胜地。屈原在东湖“泽畔行吟”,楚庄王在东湖击鼓督战;三国时期,刘备在东湖磨山设坛祭天;南宋诗人袁说友用“只说西湖在帝都,武昌新又说东湖”赞美东湖;李白在东湖湖畔放鹰台题诗;毛泽东建国后先后视察东湖44 次,在东湖接待 64 个国家的 94批外国政要。

Col­lege Stu­dents’ Marathon will be held at the East Lake Green­way. The 2019 Mil­i­tary World Games has also cho­sen to host its sail­ing races and marathon here.

A Botan­i­cal Gar­den with a Touch of Cul­ture

The East Lake is not only the in­sep­a­ra­ble jade of the dragon prince, but also an aus­pi­cious place that lit­er­ary minds have gath­ered at through­out the his­tory. Its beauty is not only nat­u­ral, but also has a touch of cul­ture.

There are more than 100 scenic spots within the East Lake Scenic Area, which is com­posed of 12 lakes of dif­fer­ence sizes, more than 120 is­lands and penin­su­las, 112 km of wind­ing lake coast, 34 moun­tain peaks sur­round­ing the lake, and more

2 than 7 km of lush forests.

It is a botan­i­cal gar­den with di­verse plants and unique land­scapes. The di­ver­sity of aquatic plants ac­counts for 40.37% of the to­tal va­ri­eties of aquatic plants in China, and 29.87% of the world. The pre­served wet­land eco­log­i­cal zone is car­peted with an­cient and pre­cious trees such as frax­i­nus huphen­sis, or­mosia hosiei, sweet olive, ver­ti­cal sun­wood, hack­berry, and oth­ers. Some of the trees are more than 200 years old.

There are 13 gar­dens for plums, lo­tus, sakura, and oth­ers. In the Plum Gar­den, there are more 320 va­ri­eties of plum blos­soms, 152 of which are reg­is­tered in the In­ter­na­tional Botan­i­cal List, ac­count­ing for 60% of the world’s reg­is­tered plum species and rank­ing first in the world. There are more than 100 va­ri­eties of Ja­panese all­spice, ac­count­ing for 90% of the kind’s va­ri­eties in the world. The Lo­tus Gar­den ac­com­mo­dates more than 700 kinds of lo­tus, ac­count­ing for more than 80% of the world’s va­ri­eties. It is the world’s largest lo­tus nurs­ery gar­den with the most com­plete va­ri­eties. The Sakura Gar­den, to­gether with Ja­pan’s Hirosaki Sakura Park and the United States’ Wash­ing­ton Sakura Gar­den, are con­sid­ered the world’s top three sakura view­ing spots. There are more than 10,000 sakura trees in the gar­den, with more than 50 va­ri­eties.

The East Lake is a par­adise for birds. 234 rare

一草一木含匠心

以打造世界级绿道为目标,东湖绿道从设计到施工,每一步都蕴含着设计者诸多的匠心。

东湖绿道在设计之初,便有美 国 SWA、 美 国 EDSA、 荷 兰NITA、中国泛亚、中国易兰等顶尖景观机构参与。其建设一直秉承尊重自然、以人为本的原则。

按照世界级标准,为具备举办国际环湖自行车赛的能力,东湖绿道的自行车道与步行道将分行,其中,步行道宽度不低于 1.5 米,自行车道宽度不低于6 米。

然而,为保护生态,一期磨山道一段成为特例。为避免移植或砍伐路边的 27 棵大树,磨山道路段由原定的6米宽度改为按4米宽度施工。二期湖町道建设中,为保护十株水杉,原先路堤填筑的方案也被改为架桥,使断面变窄,为树木留出生存空间。

绿道的建材,许多为废旧回收材料,既重现古朴之美,又实现循环利用。如,一期郊野道上数百个磨盘多为从北方农村里面收集而来,以体现农家郊野乐趣。鹅咀南岛岸边铺装的是从废弃铁路上搜集来的旧枕木,其耐久性、防腐性更好,更稳定。郊野道西埂处步道使用的耐火砖,主要从湖南一些砖窑厂搜集而来。与新砖相比,废旧的耐火砖颜色深浅不一,看上去色彩斑斓,更为美观。

绿道还规划 13条生物通道,以保护百种野生脊椎动物的生存,减少人类活动对生态环境的干扰。比如为小野兔、小松鼠等小型动物设计可以穿行的管状涵洞和箱形涵洞,管涵设低水路和步道,以便小动物通行。

在生态环保的理念指导下,绿道建设非但没有破坏生态环境,还将东湖水质提升到 40年来最好水 平。东湖建设者对湖泊岸线环境进行了系统改善,修建帆船基地,湖底重新清淤 10万立方米,增添污水管网,还修整边坡减少水土流失,利用湖边种草、水里养鱼等生态手段,最终促进东湖的生态优化。

为便利市民出行,东湖绿道的停车位设置大于1万个,大巴泊位多达 350 个,有 22条公交线路可抵达。

绿道还提供诸多智慧服务措施,市民下载移动客户端或者关注相应的微信平台,便可畅行东湖绿道,查看东湖绿道周边交通情况、查找停车位、租用自行车、移动支付等,遇到突发状况还能一键报警。

东湖之美,非一文可以穷尽,难凭一游尽览。她需要您亲自迈进那一方山水,呼吸那一口清甜的空气,品茗那一草一木背后的人文底蕴。 图片由东湖绿道公司提供)

species of birds un­der 5 classes in­habit here. Among them, there are 2 en­dan­gered species, 9 species on the na­tional sec­ondary pro­tec­tion list, and 10 species on the pro­vin­cial pro­tec­tion list. It is a per­fect place for bird­watch­ing.

The East Lake has been a tourist at­trac­tion since an­cient times. Poet Qu Yuan ( 340– 278BC) strolled along the East Lake and sang his po­ems; King Zhuang of Chu (died 591BC) played drums at the East Lake to en­cour­age his sol­ders; dur­ing the Three King­doms Era (220–280), Liu Bei (war­lord, 161– 223) made sac­ri­fices to the God of Moshan Moun­tain; dur­ing the South­ern Song Dy­nasty (1127– 1279), poet Yuan Shuoyou (1140-1204) in praise of the East Lake, wrote, “We hear the West Lake in our cap­i­tal, but we praise the East Lake in Wuchang”; Li Bai in­scribed a poem at the Ea­gle Re­lease Plat­form lake­side of the East Lake; Chair­man Mao Ze­dong vis­ited the East Lake 44 times af­ter the found­ing of the Peo­ple’s Re­pub­lic of China, and re­ceived 94 del­e­ga­tions sent by 64 coun­tries.

Heart and Soul in Ev­ery De­tail

To cre­ate a world-class green­way path, the East Lake Green­way Project was care­fully con­ducted from de­sign to con­struc­tion. Ev­ery step was in­jected with the de­sign­ers’ thought­ful ideas.

From the very be­gin­ning, the project has at­tracted mul­ti­ple top tier land­scape de­sign agen­cies from around the world, such as SWA and EDSA from the US, NITA from the Nether­lands, and EADG and Ecoland from China. And its con­struc­tion has ad­hered to the prin­ci­ple of re­spect­ing na­ture and peo­ple.

Fol­low­ing world-class stan­dards for in­ter­na­tional bi­cy­cle races, the bi­cy­cle and pedes­trian lanes of the East Lake Green­way are sep­a­rated. The width of the pedes­trian path is no less than 1.5 me­ters and the bi­cy­cle lane is no less than 6 me­ters.

In or­der to pro­tect the sur­round­ing na­ture, the Moshan Green­way part ( in Phase 1 of the Green­way Project) was treated dif­fer­ently. To avoid trans­plant­ing or cut­ting down 27 trees along the road­side, the Moshan Green­way bi­cy­cle sec­tion was paved 4 me­ters wide in­stead. Dur­ing the con­struc­tion of the Hut­ing Green­way part (in Phase 2 of the Green­way Project), in or­der to pro­tect ten metase­quois, the orig­i­nal plan to fill in a ravine was re­placed with build­ing a bridge, which nar­rowed the cut­ting area and pro­vided space for the trees.

Many of the con­struc­tion ma­te­ri­als for the green­way were re­cy­cled, restor­ing the an­cient

beauty while still pro­tect­ing the en­vi­ron­ment. For ex­am­ple, dozens of mile mark­ers on the coun­try road sec­tion were col­lected from ru­ral ar­eas in the north to imi­tate coun­try life. The shore of Eju South Is­land was laid with old rail­way ties col­lected from aban­doned rail­road tracks to make use of the ma­te­ri­als’ dura­bil­ity, sta­bil­ity, and cor­ro­sion re­sis­tance. The fire bricks used at the foot­paths of the western bank of coun­try road were mainly col­lected from brick­yards in Hu­nan Prov­ince. Com­pared with new bricks, used re­frac­tory bricks have dif­fer­ent colors, thus look­ing much more col­or­ful.

13 an­i­mal pas­sages have also been de­signed in the green­way to pro­tect the liv­ing space of many kinds of wild an­i­mals and limit hu­man im­pacts to the eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment. For ex­am­ple, for small an­i­mals such as rab­bits and squir­rels, tube cul­verts and box cul­verts were de­signed and con­structed be­low the water­ways and the green­way for the an­i­mals to pass safely.

Guided by the prin­ci­ple of eco­log­i­cal pro­tec­tion, the con­struc­tion of the project didn’t cause any harm to the eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment but in­stead im­proved the lake’s wa­ter qual­ity to its best in 40 years. The con­struc­tion teams sys­tem­at­i­cally im­proved the eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment around the lake, built a sail­boat port, cleaned up 100,000 cu­bic me­ters of dredges at the lake bot­tom, in­stalled a sewage net­work, and re­built the lakeshore to pre­vent soil loss. Other eco­log­i­cal mea­sures such as plant­ing trees and grasses along the lake and stock­ing fish have com­bined to ul­ti­mately im­prove the eco­log­i­cal con­di­tions of the East Lake.

For the con­ve­nience of vis­i­tors, there are more than 10,000 park­ing spa­ces for pri­vate cars nearby the East Lake Green­way, in ad­di­tion to 350 bus park­ing spots. 22 bus lines run through the green­way.

The green­way’s man­age­ment also pro­vides ser­vices through mod­ern tech­nol­ogy. Cit­i­zens can down­load an ap­pli­ca­tion or fol­low the pub­lic ac­count on WeChat to check traf­fic, find park­ing, rent a bi­cy­cle, and pay for pur­chases on their phones. They can also make emer­gency calls by sim­ply hit­ting one but­ton.

One ar­ti­cle is not enough to de­scribe the beauty of the East Lake and one trip is not suf­fi­cient to see its en­tire splen­dor. You need to come to visit, breathe in the sweet air, and taste the cul­ture be­hind the trees and the flow­ers.

(Pho­tos cour­tesy of the East Lake Green­way Com­pany)

Ath­letes tak­ing a group photo in Chang­tian­lou (In­fi­nite Sky Tower) by the East Lake af­ter watch­ing Pek­ing Oper­a赛艇运动员欣赏京剧《大闹天宫》后在东湖长天楼合影留念Hav­ocinHeaven

Ath­letes on a sight­see­ing boat on the East Lake赛艇运动员乘船游览东湖

Ath­letes par­tic­i­pat­ing in “Grace­ful Donghu” World-fa­mous Univer­si­ties Row­ing Chal­lenge

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.