约翰·拉贝

John H. D. Rabe (1882-1950)

That's China - - Er Wai Prologue 二外序曲 -

AGer­man busi­ness­man and Nazi Party mem­ber, John Rabe is best known for his ef­forts to stop the atroc­i­ties of the Ja­panese army dur­ing the Nank­ing Oc­cu­pa­tion and his work to pro­tect and help the Chi­nese civil­ians dur­ing the event. The Nank­ing Safety Zone, which he helped to es­tab­lish, shel­tered ap­prox­i­mately 200,000 Chi­nese peo­ple from slaugh­ter dur­ing the mas­sacre. He also opened up his prop­er­ties to help 650 more refugees. He of­fi­cially rep­re­sented Ger­many and acted as se­nior chief of the Euro­pean - Amer­i­can es­tab­lish­ment that re­mained in Nank­ing, the Chi­nese cap­i­tal

nd at the time, when the city fell to the Ja­panese troops. Rabe suf­fered from di­a­betes by the time he was work­ing in Nank­ing, which re­quired him to have his reg­u­lar dose of in­sulin. On Fe­bru­ary 28, 1938, Rabe left Nank­ing. He first trav­eled to Shang­hai and then back to Ger­many, tak­ing with him a large num­ber of source ma­te­ri­als doc­u­ment­ing the atroc­i­ties com­mit­ted by the Ja­panese in Nank­ing. Rabe showed films and pho­to­graphs in lec­ture pre­sen­ta­tions in Berlin and wrote to Hitler to use his in­flu­ence to per­suade the Ja­panese to stop any fur­ther in­hu­mane vi­o­lence. As a re­sult, Rabe was de­tained and in­ter­ro­gated by the Gestapo.

In 2005, Rabe's for­mer res­i­dence in Nank­ing (as it then was) was ren­o­vated and now ac­com­mo­dates the "John Rabe and In­ter­na­tional Safety Zone Memo­rial Hall", which opened in 2006.

John Rabe's tomb­stone in Nan­jing, Jiangsu Prov­ince, China

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