白求恩

That's China - - Er Wai Prologue 二外序曲 -

Nor­man Bethune (1890-1939)

The Cana­dian physi­cian, med­i­cal in­no­va­tor, and noted com­mu­nist came to in­ter­na­tional promi­nence first for his ser­vice as a front­line sur­geon sup­port­ing the demo­crat­i­cally elected Repub­li­can gov­ern­ment dur­ing the Span­ish Civil War. But it was his ser­vice with the Com­mu­nist Eighth Route Army dur­ing the Sec­ond Sino-Ja­panese War that would earn him en­dur­ing ac­claim. Dr. Bethune ef­fec­tively brought mod­ern medicine to ru­ral China and of­ten treated sick vil­lagers as much as wounded sol­diers. His self­less com­mit­ment made a pro­found im­pres­sion on the Chi­nese peo­ple. Stat­ues in his honor can be found in cities through­out China.

Bethune had thoughts of medic­i­nal dis­ci­plines and states: Medicine, as we are prac­tis­ing it, is a lux­ury trade. We are sell­ing bread at the price of jewels . ... Let us take the profit, the pri­vate eco­nomic profit, out of medicine, and pu­rify our pro­fes­sion of ra­pa­cious in­di­vid­u­al­ism ... Let us say to the peo­ple not ' How much have you got?' but ' How best can we serve you?'

In the sum­mer of 1939 Bethune was ap­pointed med­i­cal ad­vi­sor to the Jin-Cha-Ji (Shanxi-Cha­har-He­bei) Bor­der Re­gion Mil­i­tary Dis­trict, un­der the di­rec­tion of Gen­eral Nie Rongzhen. Sta­tioned with the Com­mu­nist Party of China's Eighth Route Army in the midst of the Sec­ond Sino-Ja­panese War, Bethune cut his fin­ger while op­er­at­ing

nd on a soldier and con­tracted sep­ti­caemia (blood poi­son­ing) and died of his wounds on Novem­ber 12, 1939. His last will in China was recorded shortly be­fore his death, read­ing: Dear Com­man­der Nie, To­day I feel re­ally bad. Prob­a­bly I have to say farewell to you for­ever! Please send a let­ter to Tim Buck the Gen­eral Sec­re­tary of Cana­dian Com­mu­nist Party. Ad­dress is No.10, Welling­ton Street, Toronto, Canada. Please also make a copy for Com­mit­tee on In­ter­na­tional Aid to China and Demo­cratic Al­liance of Canada, tell them, I am very happy here... Please give my Ko­dak Retina II cam­era to com­rade Sha Fei. Nor­man Bethune, 04:20pm, Novem­ber 11th, 1939

Vir­tu­ally un­known in his home­land dur­ing his life­time, Bethune re­ceived in­ter­na­tional recog­ni­tion when Chair­man Mao Ze­dong of the Peo­ple's Re­pub­lic of China pub­lished his es­say en­ti­tled In Mem­ory of Nor­man Bethune which doc­u­mented the fi­nal months of the doc­tor's life in China. Al­most the en­tire Chi­nese pop­u­la­tion knew about the es­say which had be­come re­quired read­ing in China's ele­men­tary schools dur­ing the 1960s. Grate­ful of Bethune's al­tru­is­tic help to China, the na­tion's nor­mal ele­men­tary school text book still has the es­say to­day.

Es­tab­lished in 1991 and granted bian­nu­ally, the Nor­man Bethune Medal is the high­est med­i­cal hon­our in China, be­stowed by the Min­istry of Health and Min­istry of Per­son­nel of China, to rec­og­nize an in­di­vid­ual's out­stand­ing con­tri­bu­tion, heroic spirit and great hu­man­i­tar­i­an­ism in the med­i­cal field.

2014 年 10 月,在“纪念白求恩逝世 75周年中国加拿大国际论坛”中,白求恩被称赞为“一个斗士”和“八路军最老的一位战士”;“一位医术精湛具有开创性的医学专家,也曾经是一位绝症患者;他是一个热情洋溢的人,对世界有着强烈的好奇感,也是一位诗人和画家,一位设计师、摄影家和宣传家;他个性极强又情感丰富,脾气暴躁但不失温柔,纯真率性又满怀激情。”

Nor­man Bethune in China with Nie Rongzhen (cen­tre) and an in­ter­preter, 1938

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