艾格尼丝·史沫特莱

Agnes Smed­ley (1892-1950)

That's China - - That's China 城市漫步 -

Agnes Smed­ley was an Amer­i­can au­thor and writer known for her semi-au­to­bi­o­graph­i­cal novel Daugh­ter of Earth, as well as her sym­pa­thetic writ­ings on the Chi­nese com­mu­nist party in­clud­ing Chi­nese Des­tinies, China’s Red Army Marches, China Fights Back, and Bat­tle Hymn of China. She was an ar­dent po­lit­i­cal ac­tivist, as well as a cam­paigner for women’s rights, birth con­trol and chil­dren’s wel­fare. Born to a poor fam­ily from Mis­souri, she never fin­ished her for­mal train­ing but still ex­celled in school, and worked dili­gently to ex­pand her knowl­edge. In New York she be­came in­volved in the move­ment to sup­port In­dia’s in­de­pen­dence from Bri­tain, where she was ar­rested in 1918 un­der the es­pi­onage act. Two months later she was re­leased on bail, and spent over a year and a half fight­ing the in­dict­ments, lead­ing to the charges fi­nally be­ing dropped. She chron­i­cled her ex­pe­ri­ences in jail, and also worked for the In­di­ans who had been in­dicted in the Hindu-Ger­man Con­spir­acy Trial. For sev­eral fol­low­ing years she lived in Ger­many where she set up Berlin’s first birth con­trol clinic. Smed­ley then vis­ited Rus­sia, be­fore mov­ing to China where she worked as a cor­re­spon­dent for Bri­tish, Ger­man and Amer­i­can pub­li­ca­tions, doc­u­ment­ing the Chi­nese rev­o­lu­tion. From Novem­ber 1938 to April 1941 she vis­ited both the Com­mu­nist and Guo­min­dang lead­ers in the war zone, the long­est tour of the Chi­nese war­front

nd by any for­eign cor­re­spon­dent, man or woman. In the 1930s she was also in­volved in a re­la­tion­ship with Soviet spy, and Ger­man jour­nal­ist Richard Sorge, who spied on the Ja­panese gov­ern­ment and was hanged in Tokyo in 1944. Smed­ley re­lo­cated to Amer­ica where she ad­vo­cated for China through writ­ing ar­ti­cles and giv­ing lec­tures. In 1947 she was ac­cused of es­pi­onage, lead­ing to her to the de­ci­sion to flee to Eng­land, where she died in 1950. The FBI closed the in­ves­ti­ga­tion two years later. Her ashes are buried at the Babaoshan Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Ceme­tery in Bei­jing.

Agnes Smed­ley and Zhu De

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