罗生特

Ja­cob Rosen­feld (1903-1952)

That's China - - Er Wai Prologue 二外序曲 -

More com­monly known by the Chi­nese peo­ple as Gen­eral Luo, Ja­cob Rosen­feld served as the Min­is­ter of Health in the 1947 Pro­vi­sional Com­mu­nist Mil­i­tary Gov­ern­ment of China. A Jew born in Lem­berg, the Aus­troHun­gar­ian Em­pire (to­day Lviv, Ukraine), he grad­u­ated from Vi­enna Univer­sity with a spe­cial­iza­tion in urol­ogy. Af­ter one year’s or­deal in An­schluss, he was re­leased but was forced to leave his home coun­try within two weeks. In 1939, he landed in Shang­hai, the only place in the world open to for­eign­ers with­out the has­sle of visa pro­cess­ing at the time.

In March of 1941, he ar­rived in Yancheng, where he joined the New Fourth Army as a field doc­tor and the force’s first for­eign mem­ber. He not only saved the life of a good many se­nior com­man­ders but be­came a close friend of Chen Yi (a Chi­nese com­mu­nist mil­i­tary com­man­der and politi­cian who served as Mayor of Shang­hai from 1949 to 1958 and as For­eign Min­is­ter of China from 1958 to 1972).

He chose to re­main in China af­ter the fall of the Nazi regime and par­tic­i­pated in the Peo­ple's Lib­er­a­tion Army's march be­fore re­turn­ing in 1949 to Europe to search for rel­a­tives, most of whom had per­ished in the Holo­caust.

He re­united with his sis­ter in Aus­tria in 1949. In 1950, af­ter un­suc­cess­fully at­tempt­ing to re­turn to China, he em­i­grated to Is­rael and was re­united with his brother. He died two years later from heart fail­ure, at the age of 49.

A hospi­tal in Ju­nan County, China’s Shan­dong Prov­ince was named af­ter him.

Ja­cob Rosen­feld in Shan­dong

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