耿丽淑

Talitha Ger­lach (18961995)

That's China - - Er Wai Prologue 二外序曲 -

Born in Pitts­burgh, to a fam­ily of Ger­man ori­gin, the Amer­i­can YMCA worker spent most of her life as a so­cial worker in Shang­hai, where she died. Ger­lach worked at the YWCA head­quar­ters in Shang­hai for most of the 1930s, and joined the China De­fense League or­ga­nized by Soong Ching-ling in 1938, us­ing her po­si­tion as a non-bel­liger­ent for­eigner in Ja­pane­seoc­cu­pied Shangai to smug­gle sup­plies and money to the re­sis­tance.

Af­ter the end of World War II (1939–45) Ger­lach worked with Ida Pruitt from 1945 to 1951 rais­ing money for the Chi­nese In­dus­trial Co­op­er­a­tives while con­tin­u­ing to work for the YWCA in New York City. Af­ter leav­ing the YWCA in 1951 Ger­lach ac­cepted an in­vi­ta­tion from Soong Ching-ling to man­age a wel­fare in­sti­tute for war refugees. In her 80s, she was still work­ing half days to help man­age the in­sti­tute. She also taught at the For­eign Lan­guage De­part­ment of Fu­dan Univer­sity and Shang­hai For­eign Lan­guage Univer­sity. She was granted the per­ma­nent res­i­dence per­mit from the Chi­nese gov­ern­ment in 1987.

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