马海德

Ge­orge Hatem (1910-1988)

That's China - - That's China 城市漫步 -

Ma Haide, born Shafick Ge­orge Hatem, was a Le­banese-Amer­i­can doc­tor who prac­tised medicine in China. He is known to be the first for­eigner to ob­tain Chi­nese cit­i­zen­ship, when he de­cided to stay in China af­ter the War of Re­sis­tance against Ja­pan. Hatem was born in up­state New York, to par­ents of Le­banese back­ground, who grew up in Buf­falo, and then re­lo­cated to Greenville, North Car­olina. Hatem stud­ied pre-med classes at The Univer­sity of North Car­olina, the Amer­i­can Univer­sity in Beirut and the Univer­sity of Geneva. It was while he was in Geneva, that he met many East Asian stu­dents who ex­panded his knowl­edge on China. In 1933, ac­com­pa­nied by two col­leagues, he de­cided to board a ship from Tri­este where he jour­neyed to mul­ti­ple ports such as Sin­ga­pore and Hong Kong, be­fore land­ing in Shang­hai. He set up a med­i­cal prac­tice, and dur­ing that time be­friended ac­tivists and sym­pa­this­ers such as Agnes Smed­ley. Dis­pleased with stay­ing put in Shang­hai, he was smug­gled across Kuom­intang lines through his com­mu­nist con­tacts to pro­vide med­i­cal ser­vices to Mao Ze­dong's troops in Xi'an. Hatem also ac­com­pa­nied Amer­i­can jour­nal­ist Edgar Snow to com­mu­nist head­quar­ters in Bao’an (present day Zhi­dan), and was also present at Yan’an when a group of Amer­i­can civil and mil­i­tary per­son­nel ar­rived in 1944. He was af­fec­tion­ately nick­named ‘Doc Ma’ and was able to pro­vide a sense of nd com­fort to the Amer­i­cans who were far from their home. Af­ter vis­it­ing other com­mu­nist party con­trolled ar­eas, Hatem wrote a re­port on the med­i­cal con­di­tions and gave sug­ges­tions on how to im­prove lo­cal health care.

Af­ter 1949, he be­came a public health of­fi­cial, cred­ited with help­ing to elim­i­nate lep­rosy and vene­real dis­eases present in post-war China, and re­ceived the Lasker Med­i­cal Award. He was mar­ried to ac­tress Chou/Zhou Sufei and they had a son and a daugh­ter. Hatem died in 1988 and was buried at the Babaoshan Rev­o­lu­tion­ary Ceme­tery.

Ge­orge Hatem with son and wife So­phie (Zhou Suzhen), a Zhe­jiang na­tive

Ge­orge Hatem and wife, with a doc­tor from Soviet Union, in Yan'an

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