中国邮政 120 年

China Post vi­cis­si­tude in 120 Years

That's China - - Your Friendly Neighborhood Post Office 邮局和月饼 -

China Post is the state-owned en­ter­prise op­er­at­ing the of­fi­cial postal ser­vice of China, pro­vid­ing ser­vices in main­land China.

The coun­try’s postal ser­vice his­tory can be dated back to the re­mote Shang Dy­nasty, as has been sug­gested by in­scrip­tions on bones and tor­toise shells record­ing how the gov­ern­ment troops based in bor­der ar­eas re­ported mil­i­tary in­tel­li­gence to the cen­tral gov­ern­ment about 1,400 years ago with the use of “lai gu” (“来鼓”), the pro­to­type of to­day’s sig­nal­men. The “jian shu” (“简书 ”), recorded in The Book of Songs, also in­di­cates China’s ear­li­est postal regime. Af­ter a hia­tus of hun­dreds of years, China’s postal ser­vice ma­tured into what was gen­er­ally re­ferred to as “驿 ” (lit. ‘courier sta­tion’) through­out the Qin and Han pe­ri­ods, and reached its first hey­day to in­clude as many as about 1,500 courier sta­tions in the Yuan Dy­nasty, when the coun­try’s ter­ri­tory was greatly ex­panded. Se­away postal ser­vice in China emerged in the wake of the

nd ex­pe­di­tion to the West by Zheng He in the Ming Dy­nasty. With the de­vel­op­ment of mod­ern postal ser­vice start­ing in the late Qing years, ‘courier sta­tions’ lost its ap­peal.

The Cus­toms Post Of­fice of the Qing Em­pire was es­tab­lished in 1878 by Robert Hart, with branch of­fices in five ma­jor trad­ing cities. On 20 March 1896, the Cus­toms Post Of­fice be­came the Great Qing Post, which in 1911 be­came in­de­pen­dent of the cus­toms ser­vice. The Great Qing Post be­came the Chunghwa Post in 1912. Chunghwa postal ser­vice had signed a con­tract with the China Air­ways Fed­eral group in 1929 to trans­port air­mail on the Shang­hai-Hankow, Nan­jing-Bei­jing, and Hankow-Guangzhou routes. Chunghwa Post had func­tioned as the main postal ser­vice provider of Main­land China un­til 1949. The cur­rent postal ser­vice of Peo­ple's Re­pub­lic of China was es­tab­lished in 1949.

In the ‘golden age’ of China’s post ser­vice, work­ing in a staterun post of­fice was con­sid­ered an ‘iron bowl’ by the ma­jor­ity of the Chi­nese peo­ple, many of which racked their brain to seek a po­si­tion in a post of­fice for their chil­dren.

In 2009, China Post was rated by China World Records As­so­ci­a­tion as the world’s largest postal ser­vice net­work. China Post ranked 21st in China’s ‘top 500 en­ter­prises’ in 2016, with its di­rect postal ser­vice hav­ing reached more than 120 coun­tries and re­gions.

Col­lab­o­rat­ing with TOM Group, China Post launched its new B2C ser­vice through the op­er­a­tion of www.ule.com in Bei­jing on Au­gust 11, 2010.

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