中国邮政 120 年
China Post vicissitude in 120 Years
China Post is the state-owned enterprise operating the official postal service of China, providing services in mainland China.
The country’s postal service history can be dated back to the remote Shang Dynasty, as has been suggested by inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells recording how the government troops based in border areas reported military intelligence to the central government about 1,400 years ago with the use of “lai gu” (“来鼓”), the prototype of today’s signalmen. The “jian shu” (“简书 ”), recorded in The Book of Songs, also indicates China’s earliest postal regime. After a hiatus of hundreds of years, China’s postal service matured into what was generally referred to as “驿 ” (lit. ‘courier station’) throughout the Qin and Han periods, and reached its first heyday to include as many as about 1,500 courier stations in the Yuan Dynasty, when the country’s territory was greatly expanded. Seaway postal service in China emerged in the wake of the
nd expedition to the West by Zheng He in the Ming Dynasty. With the development of modern postal service starting in the late Qing years, ‘courier stations’ lost its appeal.
The Customs Post Office of the Qing Empire was established in 1878 by Robert Hart, with branch offices in five major trading cities. On 20 March 1896, the Customs Post Office became the Great Qing Post, which in 1911 became independent of the customs service. The Great Qing Post became the Chunghwa Post in 1912. Chunghwa postal service had signed a contract with the China Airways Federal group in 1929 to transport airmail on the Shanghai-Hankow, Nanjing-Beijing, and Hankow-Guangzhou routes. Chunghwa Post had functioned as the main postal service provider of Mainland China until 1949. The current postal service of People's Republic of China was established in 1949.
In the ‘golden age’ of China’s post service, working in a staterun post office was considered an ‘iron bowl’ by the majority of the Chinese people, many of which racked their brain to seek a position in a post office for their children.
In 2009, China Post was rated by China World Records Association as the world’s largest postal service network. China Post ranked 21st in China’s ‘top 500 enterprises’ in 2016, with its direct postal service having reached more than 120 countries and regions.
Collaborating with TOM Group, China Post launched its new B2C service through the operation of www.ule.com in Beijing on August 11, 2010.