硬板式火车票

That's China - - That's China 城市漫步 -

新中国成立后,中国铁路的第一代火车票是硬板式火车票,为节约用纸,尺寸为57×25 毫米,票面印有盲文。正面印着出发地、目的地以及车价,反面用钢印显示乘车日期和时间。火车有快车、慢车之分,快车票面印有一条红线,特快车票面印有两条红线。这种火车票一直延续到上世纪末。小小的火车票上,承载了建国后的中国历史进程。2007年旧式火车票完全被全国联网的电子火车票取代,沿用了 100多年的硬板式火车票逐渐退出历史舞台。

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China's train ticket vi­cis­si­tude

To save pa­per, the di­men­sions of the first post-1949 gen­er­a­tion of train tick­ets in China was 57mm by 25mm, with the in­for­ma­tion printed in Braille on the back. The speed dif­fer­ence was in­di­cated by the num­ber of vivid red lines printed on the ticket, with two red lines de­not­ing the ‘ex­tra fast’ train.

China’s train ticket vi­cis­si­tude is also a record of the coun­try’s many iconic his­tor­i­cal mo­ments, such as the Cul­tural Rev­o­lu­tion chaos and the first years of open-up and re­form.

Shen­zhen Rail­way took the lead in com­put­er­ized tick­et­ing in the 1980s. Com­put­er­ized tick­et­ing be­came na­tion­ally stan­dard­ized in 1997 when the coun­try’s rail­way trans­port went through its first ma­jor speed up­grad­ing. The year 2007 saw the de­but of the first gen­er­a­tion of China’s ‘elec­tronic train tick­ets’ and the coun­try’s new on­line-tick­et­ing sys­tem. Real­name on­line tick­et­ing be­gan na­tion­ally on Jan­uary 1, 2012 in or­der to crack down on ticket scalpers. A newer ‘blue’ ver­sion first is­sued dur­ing the Spring Fes­ti­val of 2012-2013 con­tains more de­tails re­gard­ing pas­sen­ger and cargo trans­port.

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