《坛经》Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch
from him was also “yes”, but not for the reason you probably think. Berkeley was a devout religious man so he believed everything continues to exist without anyone observing because God perceives all from above.When we are not watching, God is watching.
nd The question of the tree falling also relies on our definition of sound, "is sound only sound if a person hears it?” If the vibrations that travel in the air or through other mediums rely on human or animal ears to hear, and that sound is a human experience synthesised in the mind as a form of perception, then we might answer “no”. However if we are purely talking about the physical phenomenon of wave disturbance then we may answer “yes”. Although talking about quantum theory,Albert Einstein posed the question, is the moon there when nobody looks? Abraham Pais, Einstein’s scientific biographer, wrote:“We often discussed his notions on objective reality. I recall that during one walk Einstein suddenly stopped, turned to me and asked whether I really believed that the moon exists only when I look at it.” Instead of taking the question literally, we can perhaps reflect on broader questions about perception and ethical responsibility. In the fastpaced modern society filled with constant social media updates and photos or videos shared online, perhaps the question could be adapted to,“If a tree falls in a forest, and nobody uploads a photo or video on social media, did it even happen?”
In the fast-paced modern society filled with constant social media updates and photos or videos shared online, perhaps the question could be adapted to, “If a tree falls in a forest, and nobody uploads a photo or video on social media, did it even happen?”
East VS West
The idea that the mind controls all in perceiving reality can also be found in Eastern philosophy. nd The anecdotal story is related to Buddhist monk Huineng (638-713), one of the most important figures in Chan Buddhism. According to standard hagiographies, Huineng has been traditionally viewed as the Sixth and Last Patriarch of Chan Buddhism.
When in the Faxing Temple in Guangzhou, Huineng overheard two monks arguing about the temple flag waving in the wind. One said, “The flag moves”. The other said, “The wind moves”. They argued back and forth but could not agree. Huineng chipped in, “Gentlemen! It is not the wind that moves; it is not the flag that moves; it is your mind that moves.” The two monks were struck with awe.
The literary roots of the story can be found in the Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch (liuzu tanjing).
Another similarly posed question a famous Japanese zen koan says, “What is the sound of one hand clapping?”
Two hands clap and there is a sound. What is the sound of one hand? ( 隻手声あり、その声を聞け) - Hakuin Ekaku