分秒积聚海底两万里OCEAN DISCOVERY

分秒积聚海底两万里

Vantage Shanghai - - CONTENTS 目录 - 作者Author/编辑Editor:王烨昇Johnny Wang

对神秘海底世界的探索,是人类分秒必争的冒险而汇聚成的记录。

Exploration of the marine world is the record of human adventure, in seconds and minutes.

在地球这颗蓝色星球上,约71%的面积为海洋所覆盖。为了探索这个神秘水世界,人类探索职业潜水,从此慢慢对这个全新的世界有了更多认识,并且吸引了众多爱好者,进行海洋摄影等探索活动,也有许多组织创立了海洋研究项目,还有组织针对海洋与陆地生态,对地球上关键的地点进行常年的持续研究。

On the blue planet Earth, the ocean covers approximately 71% of the entire surface. To explore the mysterious marine world, we must reach under the surface. Now, unprecedented numbers of ocean enthusiasts are joining in, more research programs being raised, as well as an increase in organisations conducting longtime research on key locations throughout the world.

海底摄影家弗雷德·布勒

比利时海底摄影家弗雷德·布勒就是一位著名的探险家。最近,他发布了一批海底摄影作品,展示了汪洋世界里的冰山一角。这位摄影家善于捕捉海洋生物的独特瞬间,同时他又坚持不破坏海洋环境的潜水摄影,因此他的摄影作品被世界各地的非政府组织用于海洋保护活动,引起对海洋保育问题的重视和关注。布勒也与其他海洋生物学家建立密切的合作,运用自由潜水的技能,亲近海洋生物,了解其特征与习性,帮助海洋生物研究和海洋保育的发展及进程。

不过,海底摄影看起来十分刺激且有些浪漫,但是它其实潜藏着不少危险。在海底活动,首先需要精确控制时间,这不仅仅是出于合理安排氧气用量的原因,还有海底水压造成的一些系列问题。比如寻常陆地环境中,占空气体积大约78%的氮气在人体中的溶解度很小,但在深海环境中,由于巨大的水压,会造成肺泡中原本存在的氮气慢慢溶解到人体中。在返回岸上的时候,随着海水深度慢慢降低,人体中过量的氮气会慢慢自动排出,但如果上升速度太快或在岸上的环境导致氮气无法匀速排出,人体就会由于氮气排出速度过快而受伤。此外,人体潜水时间也无法太长,因为溶解在人体中的氮气一旦过量会影响神经系统,产生俗称“醉氮”的生理现象。这一切基本的人体生理安全,都和如何精确把控时间有关,这也促使了潜水时计的产生,也形成了潜水表的一系列行业标准。

海洋,这个无尽的世界有着不可胜数的秘密,随着人类每一次探索时分秒间所记录的勇气,写就了海洋探索和研究几乎无尽的诗篇

比如,这次布勒拍摄作品所佩戴的雅典表Deep Dive千米潜水表,就配备了排氦阀、可拆卸钛金属保护装置的表冠、可延伸可调节橡胶表带、易于操控(戴着潜水手套亦可以)的12齿大表圈。同样,著名生物学家兼海洋摄影师劳伦· 巴列斯塔所佩戴的宝珀 噚腕表也具有此品质。

X探索项目“心系海洋”

除了布勒,劳伦· 巴列斯塔也是长期在海洋研究学界工作的学者和探险家。最近,他的海洋摄影作品就出现在日内瓦的Gombessa展览上。这场展览是宝珀表“心系海洋”项目的一部分,较为全面地展示了人类对于海洋的探索,其中就包括了很多关于腔棘鱼的特别资料。事实上,海底世界一直不断刷新着人类的认知边界——比如腔棘鱼,人们一直认为这种史前鱼类早

在6500万年前就已灭绝,从而成为重要的生物进化史料。学者能以这种古老的生物为依据,勾勒出鱼类进化至第一批陆生四肢脊椎动物的进程,它也是水生动物在3.7亿年前第一次走出水面的最佳佐证。这次远征考察集结了由遗传学家、古生物学家和生物学家组成的国际科考团队,他们借此良机,进行人类有史以来第一次对自然环境下腔棘鱼的考察和研究。为了达成这一目的,潜水队需在极其严苛的条件下,完成多次技术性潜水,下潜至超过120米的深度,以便对海洋环境进行评估。本

UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHER FRED BUYLE

Belgian underwater photographer Fred Buyle is a world-famous adventurer. Recently, he released a new series of marine photography, featuring a host of ocean creatures. Buyle also stands firmly with eco-photography and actively participates in marine protection campaigns around the globe. Meanwhile, Buyle established close relationship with several NGOs and marine biologists in discovering the biological features of ocean animals for further research and protection.

Underwater photography seems exciting and romantic. However, it is more dangerous than you think. Time control is highly demanding in submarine activities. Not only because of oxygen usage, but also because of the high pressure below the surface. On the land, nitrogen, which makes up 78% of the air, has a very low solubility in our blood. However, in deep water, the increased pressure pushes the nitrogen into our blood. This means that when divers come back to surface, they must ascend slowly to prevent abrupt pressure change and avoid what divers call ‘the bends.’ As such, diving time is limited as the high level of nitrogen in blood impacts nervous systems unavoidably. All these safety issues depend on meticulous time-control — hence how diving watches came into being.

This time Buyle’s works are featured with the Ulysse Nardin Deep Dive, which is equipped with helium valve, removable Titanium watch-head, adjustable rubber band and manoeuvrable 12-teeth bezel. Laurent Ballesta, the renowned biologist and underwater photographer, wears the similarly featured Blancpain watch.

EXPLORING PROJECT

Besides Buyle, Laurent Ballesta is also a notable scholar and adventurer in marine research. Recently his new photography debuted at the Gombessa Show in Geneva. The exhibition is part of Blancpain’s Ocean Commitment project, which provides a comprehensive view of human exploration in the marine world.

In fact, the ocean refreshes our perspectives of life from time to time — for example the gombessa fish, which died out more than 650 million years

ago, now provides critical

次考察过程还被拍摄成了一部时长90分钟的纪录片。和这次宝珀表项目同时发布的全新2018“心系海洋”腕表也遵循着这种优良传统。表款沿用1953年首款潜水表的主要特性,采用稳健可靠的Cal.1151自动上链机芯,确保了腕表连续四天的动力储存。腕表更搭载硅质游丝,从而保护机芯免受磁场干扰,无需内置的抗磁软铁防护罩。腕表防水30巴,约等于300米的深度;并搭载潜水表必备的单向旋转表圈。表圈上醒目的大号刻度,以及表盘上的时标及指针均覆以Super-LumiNova夜光涂层,确保了腕表在水下环境中的最佳可读性。

海洋生态研究地加拉帕戈斯群岛

海洋世界和陆地世界有着千丝万缕的生态联系,有些关键的地点,就成为了科学家新的考察研究目标——比如加拉帕戈斯群岛。这座位于太平洋中央距离南美大陆

约1000公里的群岛,具有少见的生物多样性:无论是陆栖或海生种的鬣蜥在群岛上都能看到,它们经常在黑色火山岩上栖息;由蝠魟们组成的中队正在浅滩上来回巡逻;而锤头鲨则经常在较浅的海域绕圈回游。此地区涵括的生物多样性令人大感惊奇,其中有许多物种世上绝无仅有,对于启发达尔文日后的进化论也有着深远的影响。但是,这座由达尔文于1835年的远征中所发掘的天堂,今日却正受到严重威胁。原因正是因为人类缺乏对大自然的关怀。因此,查尔斯·达尔文基金会与万国表共同合作,致力于保护拥有敏感且脆弱生态系统的加拉帕戈斯群岛。

为了支持基金会的研究,万国表还发布了“加拉帕戈斯群岛”版计时腕表。表款的不锈钢外壳经过繁复的硫化程序,为表款呈现黑色雾面橡胶涂层。耐压强度可达12巴,且拥有率性外形与顶级质感:黑如火山岛上的熔岩、白如笼罩熔岩的薄雾。此表款的绝大部分销售收益将捐给查尔斯·达尔文基金会。

海洋,这个无尽的世界有着不可胜数的秘密,随着人类每一次探索时分秒间所记录的勇气,写就了海洋探索和研究几乎无尽的诗篇。 evidence for scientists researching the evolution of the earth’s earliest species. The exploration project summoned geneticists, palaeontologists and biologists together and started one of the most comprehensive studies into the gombessa fish in the natural environment. To conduct the research, the divers went into the deep water multiple times. Under 120 metres of water, they succeeded in evaluating the marine environment, compiling it into a 90-minute documentary.

Blancpain’s brand-new 2018 Ocean Commitment wristwatch also follows in this glorious tradition. The watch inherits the features from the 1953 initial Bathyscaphe and adopts the reliable Cal. 1151 automatic movement to ensure four days of consecutive power. The watch strap is equipped with silicon strings to prevent magnetic interference. The new watch is 30-bar water-resistant, which equals to about 300 metres and facilitates with single-way bezel, on which it is engraved with clear and easyto-read scales. The indicators and time marks are all painted with Super-LumiNova, to guarantee readability in the underwater environment.

GALAPAGOS ISLANDS — OCEAN ECOLOGY RESEARCH SITE

For ecological scholars, certain locations attract extra attention — one example being the Galapagos Islands. These islands, 1,000 km away from the continent, embrace a rich bio-diversity. Iguanas, mantas and hammerheads are native residents. The amazing diversity is also remarkable for many species that are unique to the islands, which have provided endless research opportunities for Darwinist theories. However, the paradise discovered by Darwin back in 1835 is now facing immense threats. Blame goes to humanity’s lack of care for nature. Henceforth, the Charles Darwin Foundation now joins hands with IWC, aiming to protect the feeble eco-system of the Galapagos.

To support the foundation, IWC released a Galapagos edition. The stainless case is sulphureted to create a misty rubber layer. The watch has 12 bars of water resistance and terrific design: black as the lava, white as the fog above the volcano. In addition, a portion of the profits from the watch will be donated to Charles Darwin Foundation.

The ocean is full of mysteries and wonders. Watches record every second of time, and humans write the poetry of oceanic exploration, relentlessly.

本页图片THIS PAGE布勒自由潜水中,捕捉美丽的海底奇观Buyle capturing amazing ocean view;

从左图起FROM LEFT雅典表Deep Dive千米潜水表ULYSSE NARDIN Deep Dive;布勒潜拍深海生物Buyle and ocean animals;弗雷德·布勒Fred Buyle;劳伦·巴列斯塔Laurent Ballesta;巴列斯塔近距离观察腔棘鱼Ballesta observing coelacanth closely 腔棘鱼

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