Protecting Rural Women's Land-related Rights
Xihe, a county in Northwest China's Gansu Province, recently issued the notice on protecting rural women's legal rights and interests during confirmation of land ownership. The notice stipulates that women should be listed with their husbands as common land contractors when their land is registered. The notice accords with the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Land Contract in Rural Areas.
The notice also stipulates the basic State policy of gender equality should apply during confirmation of land ownership, and clarifies the clauses that address the standards for and/or procedures used when identifying farmers' membership in the rural collective economic organizations, so women can enjoy equal rights with men in the contracted management of rural land, the use of homesteads and other land-related rights.
The document also includes regulations on protecting the land-related rights and interests of married rural women, and rural women who get divorced.
In accordance with the notice, the county's government should urge the leading groups to promote Xihe's towns' and villages' confirmation of land ownership to learn about women's thoughts and wishes (during confirmation of land ownership). Also, Xihe Women's Federation should urge women's federations, at all levels in Xihe, to protect women's legal rights and interests during confirmation of land ownership.
Xihe is one of China's experimental counties, in which the project of promoting rural areas' confirmation of land ownership has been implemented. The women's federations, at the town-, township- and village-levels in the county, have been included in the member units of the leading groups to promote the local areas' confirmation of land ownership.