SHAPOTOU: WHERE ONE CAN SEE DESERT LANDSCAPE, PLAY ON SAND SLIDE
Zhongwei, a city in northwestern China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, has a history of more than 2,200 years. Zhongwei is located in the western region of the autonomous region, where Ningxia borders Gansu Province and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Shapotou, a district in Zhongwei, is a must-see scenic area.
Shapotou is known for its breathtaking scenery, including its vast desert, the surging Yellow River and the luxuriantly green oases. Fragrant Hill, an extension of the Qilian Mountains (a well-known mountain range in western China), is to the south of the district. Tengger Desert, the fourth-largest desert in China, is to the north of the district. The Yellow River flows through the district, and the river makes the shape of "S."
Shapotou is like a living history book; it is well-known for the remains of ancient civilization, including the petroglyphs (drawings or carvings on rock), the relics of the Great Wall, the relics of an ancient pottery kiln and an old temple, originally constructed during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
More than 10,000 petroglyphs have been found on the rocks on the mountains around Shapotou. The earliest carvings date back to the late period of the Old Stone Age, which has a history of nearly 10,000 years. The petroglyphs describe how prehistoric people hunted, offered sacrifices to their gods and organized other activities.
The relics of the Great Wall, which was built during the reign of Qin Shi Huang (259-210 BC), of the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC), and during the reign of Emperor Wu (156-87 BC), of the Han Dynasty (202 BC-220), lie on the mountains along the south and north banks of the Yellow River.
Shapotou is also a model area for sandstorm prevention