Protecting Women's Rights, Interests
Jiangxi (in East China) Women's Federation recently hosted a symposium, during which officials of Jiangxi Higher People's Court and the provincial departments of Agriculture, Human Resources, Public Security, Justice, Civil Affairs and Health and Family Planning Commission discussed ways of improving mechanisms used to protect women's rights and interests, which were proposed by deputies to the Jiangxi Provincial People's Congress.
Jiangxi has established a work mechanism, through which various organizations (including public security agencies, law enforcement agencies, civil affairs bureaus and women's federations, at all levels throughout the province) have worked together to help women protect their legal rights and interests, especially regarding family relations, the job market, right of person and property rights.
Jiangxi has taken the lead in promulgating directives and documents related to protecting rural women's rights and interests during confirmation of land ownership, and women's right to use land.
China on January 1, 2016, began allowing all couples to have two children, in a move that abandoned the country's decades-old, one-child policy. However, now that women are allowed to have two children, some employers are less willing to hire women. That infringes women's rights and interests in the job market. It also means employers might miss opportunities to recruit excellent women workers.
Officials of Jiangxi Women's Federation and other organizations (in the province) during the past two years have worked hard to protect women's job-related rights, especially regarding employment, promotion, professional training and starting a business.
To protect women's legal rights and interests, the People's Government of Jiangxi Province, during its 80th executive meeting (held on May 12), adopted the Regulations on the Special Labor Protection of Female Employees. The regulations, the first of the kind to be adopted by the province, took effect on July 1. The regulations contained information about how to strengthen the protection of the safety of women, who take highrisk jobs. The regulations also stipulate employers should protect women's rights and interests, especially during their "three periods" (pregnancy, giving birth and breastfeeding). The regulations are intended to showcase society's respect and care for women and to promote the construction of a harmonious society.
In addition to face-to-face services, Jiangxi in recent years has put much effort into providing online services to help women and children protect their legal rights and interests. Jiangxi Women's Federation has handled women's "visits" through its video system and the federation's hotline, 079112338, through which women and/or children can seek legal assistance in protecting their rights and interests.
Nanchang (capital of Jiangxi Province) Public Legal Service Center has taken the lead in China in establishing a rights-protection hotline, 0791-12348, to provide legal aid and psychological counseling to women.
The public security agencies, at various levels in Jiangxi, have established centers that provide services to protect women and children's rights and interests in Jiangxi. So far, a total of 1,533 police stations in the city have established centers that handle cases involving infringement of women's rights and interests.
Jiangxi Women's Federation, the Office of the Jiangxi Committee for the Administration of Public Security, law enforcement agencies and other organizations during the past two years have worked together to help residents resolve disputes within families. So far, more than 80 cities, counties and districts have established people's mediation committees to mediate residents' marital and family disputes. The committees help resolve disputes within families, in part to promote social harmony and stability.