Guaranteeing All Children Receive Compulsory Education
China's Ministry of Education and the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development recently promulgated plans (from 20182020) to adopt measures to guarantee all children, especially those from povertystricken families, receive compulsory education. According to the plans, China will promulgate preferential policies to promote compulsory education in poverty-stricken areas.
One plan calls for the Chinese Government to allocate more money to the "three regions" (Tibet Autonomous Region, four prefectures in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region [Kizilsu Kyrgyz Autonomous Prefecture, and Hotan, Aksu and Kashgar prefectures] and the Tibetan autonomous prefectures in Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu and Yunnan provinces) and the "three prefectures" (Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province, Yi Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province and Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province).
The plan calls for all children, from poverty-stricken families in the "three regions" and the "three prefectures," to receive financial assistance from the local education departments, so the children can stay in school. Also, the departments will be expected to offer more opportunities to impoverished children to receive vocational education, professional training or higher education, so they can make a decent living after they grow up.
According to the plan, each town and village in the "three regions" and the "three prefectures" will establish at least one public kindergarten, so impoverished rural children can receive preschool education near their homes.
Another plan urges governments, at various levels across the country, to provide financial assistance to help disadvantaged children, including disabled, left-behind, and/or children from poverty-stricken families, receive compulsory education.