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The Best Land­scapes Marea del Por­tillo-san­ti­ago de Cuba Tourist Road

This is a not-so-hyped land­scape tour, yet one of the most cap­ti­vat­ing ones all across the coun­try. It’s quite a good two-hour drive for pho­tog­ra­phers and com­mon trav­el­ers who get the chance of tak­ing a first­hand look at scenery marked by the sea, moun­tains and rivers down a south­ern coastal road that hooks up the De­sem­barco del Granma Na­tional Park and the Turquino Na­tional Park all the way to the San­ti­ago de Cuba prov­ince.

Gran Piedra

At 4,022 feet above sea level, it of­fers a breath­tak­ing view of the Sierra Maes­tra moun­tains. But the place has some ex­clu­sive land­scape val­ues of its own, plus count­less wildlife and flo­ral spe­cials and a rich his­tory linked to the ar­rival of French-haitian set­tlers who in­tro­duced and de­vel­oped the crop of cof­fee and its cul­ture in the re­gion. The ru­ins of their for­mer es­tates and plan­ta­tions were de­clared World Her­itage by UNESCO.

La Farola

A road built be­tween Imias and the vicini­ties of Bara­coa, be­tween the south and the north of the Guan­tanamo prov­ince. It clears nat­u­ral hur­dles on the ground that re­mained un­al­tered for cen­turies down a 20-mile high­way full of cliffs, roar­ing rivers and dizzy­ing heights. The road was vir­tu­ally hanged on the hill­sides and propped up on pil­lars in quite a few stretches. It runs through deep rain­forests, takes peaks and val­leys and lets drivers watch non­stop changes of fo­liage, a must-see for any trip­per. World Her­itage and Cul­tural Sites in East­ern Cuba Cubano

The San Pe­dro de la Roca Cas­tle

Built be­tween the 17th and 18th cen­turies, this is one of the ma­jor fortresses con­structed by the Span­ish rule in the Caribbean. It’s con­sid­ered a valu­able ex­am­ple of Europe’s re­nais­sance mil­i­tary en­gi­neer­ing in the re­gion.

Sierra de Cristal

With breath­tak­ingly lav­ish na­ture, cen­ten­nial-old forests and vast colonies of tree-climbing vines and ferns, it’s lo­cated in the vicin­ity of the El Guayabo wa­ter­falls –Cuba’s high­est– and in the heart of the Pinares de Ma­yari.

Ru­ins of the Gran Piedra Fren­chowned cof­fee plan­ta­tions

The best-known ones are the Santa Sofia, Ken­tucky and La Is­abel­ica. These

plan­ta­tions are tremen­dously im­por­tant for their ar­chi­tec­tural, cul­tural, sci­en­tific, tech­ni­cal and vial val­ues, in ad­di­tion to be­ing liv­ing ev­i­dence of past do­mes­tic ad fu­ner­ary tra­di­tions. The men and women who set­tled down there were the ones who built all the first path­ways through the Sierra Maes­tra moun­tains that even­tu­ally be­came roads and dirt roads.

De­sem­barco del Granma Na­tional Park

This park is perched on a se­ries of eye­catch­ing marine cliffs and spec­tac­u­lar crags, ev­i­dence of the par­tic­u­lar ge­o­log­i­cal and mor­pho­log­i­cal pro­cesses those rhine­stone ter­rains en­dured for ages. Its most em­blem­atic sites are the Es­caleras de los Gi­gantes ter­races and the El Guafe nat­u­ral arche­o­log­i­cal trail, home to the Wa­ter Idol Cave –one of the most in­ter­est­ing spots visi­tors can see in this lo­ca­tion. A sim­i­larly in­ter­est­ing trail is the Mor­lote-fustete one.

Alexan­der de Hum­boldt Na­tional Park

A ge­o­log­i­cal gem of the Caribbean and Cuba’s main pro­tected area, this is con­sid­ered one of the best-pre­served places on the en­tire is­land na­tion, fea­tur­ing old wood­lands and a great clustering of wildlife and flo­ral species

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