Op-ed re­view: hu­man rights be­tween ter­ror­ism con­cerns and mi­nori­ties pro­tec­tion

FOR­MER IS­LAMIST WRITES AL-QAEDA IN­FLU­ENCE, EX­PERTS COM­MENT DO­ING BUSI­NESS RE­PORT RANK­ING

The Daily News Egypt - - News - By Amira El-Fekki

Hu­man rights in Egypt was a topic tack­led by writ­ers in dif­fer­ent news­pa­pers and per­spec­tives on Mon­day in light of mount­ing nar­ra­tives aimed at fac­ing vi­o­lence and ex­trem­ism.

Lawyer and for­mer TV host Khaled Abou Bakr wrote about the In­ter­na­tional Youth Fo­rum held this week in Sharm El-Sheikh in the lo­cal pro-state pri­vate Al-Youm Al-Sabea news­pa­per. Abou Bakr’s main ar­gu­ment was to de­fend the costly event against poor ed­u­ca­tion and health sec­tors of the coun­try.

The en­tire piece was ded­i­cated to prais­ing the fo­rum and Pres­i­dent Ab­del Fat­tah Al-Sisi by plac­ing hu­man rights in the cen­tre of the ar­gu­ment: the event calls on the world’s re­spon­si­bil­ity to­wards pro­tect­ing hu­man­ity from ter­ror­ism and will at­tract for­eign in­vest­ment and tourism which will gen­er­ate job op­por­tu­ni­ties.

Sim­i­larly, jour­nal­ist and an­chor Emad El-Din Adeeb said he “liked” Al-Sisi’s speech about the hu­man rights, par­tic­u­larly “the right to re­sist­ing ter­ror­ism,” which the pres­i­dent said was “a new right he added” dur­ing a speech at the fo­rum.

In a short op-ed in the pri­vate Al-Watan news­pa­per, Adeeb ar­gued that the re­cent Texas at­tack proved once more that ter­ror­ism hits ev­ery­where, that it is the first chal­lenge fac­ing hu­man­ity in the next 100 years and that killing, ex­plo­sion and tor­ture hap­pen de­spite that Is­lam strongly re­jected harm­ing oth­ers.

Mean­while on hu­man rights, two pieces fea­tured in the pri­vate Al-Masry Al-Youm news­pa­per on Tues­day.

On one hand, Mo­hamed Aboul Ghar, for­mer pres­i­dent of the Egyp­tian So­cial Demo­cratic Party wrote in Al-Masry Al-Youm crit­i­ciz­ing how lo­cal au­thor­i­ties deal with Copts right to pray.

Re­cently, Copts in Minya have re­ported dif­fi­cul­ties in be­ing able to pray, in­clud­ing a state­ment by Bishop Makar­ios in Oc­to­ber claim­ing that places for wor­ship have been closed in Minya af­ter sec­tar­ian threats. Aboul Ghar called for the end of cus­tom­ary rec­on­cil­i­a­tion and se­ri­ous­ness of law re­in­force­ment to face ex­trem­ists.

Mean­while, fe­male ac­tivist and Founder and Di­rec­tor of the Ap­pro­pri­ate Com­mu­ni­ca­tion Tech­niques (ACT) shed light on a con­tin­u­ing case of gen­der dis­crim­i­na­tion re­lated to the ap­point­ment of women in ju­di­ciary po­si­tions at the State Coun­cil.

As the coun­cil is to is­sue a verdict Satur­day re­gard­ing the law­suit filed by a woman who was de­nied ap­ply­ing to a po­si­tion, Kamel re­counted the his­tor­i­cal back­ground of what she de­scribed as “ar­bi­trary ex­clu­sion of women,” ex­plain­ing that male dom­i­nance al­ways ar­gued that women won’t be fit for the job of judges be­cause f their do­mes­tic du­ties.

“It is not pos­si­ble that in 2017, la­belled as the year of women’ that they only rep­re­sent 0.5 per­cent of judges due to mas­cu­line rea­sons that con­tra­dict the prin­ci­ple of equal cit­i­zen­ship be­tween men and women guar­an­teed in the con­sti­tu­tion.

On the is­sue of ter­ror­ism, ex-ji­hadist and for­mer leader in Gama’a Is­lamiyaa Nageh Ibrahim tack­led Al-Qaeda’s in­flu­ence in North Africa, in light of Al-Wa­hat shoot-out which killed over a dozen of po­lice of­fi­cers. Ibrahim’s anal­y­sis pre­vi­ously es­tab­lished a link be­tween the lit­tle-known group “An­sar Al-Is­lam” which claimed the shoot-out and “Al-Moura­bitoun” group, say­ing both be­long to Al-Qaeda.

Ibrahim raised the ques­tion of whether there was a rise of Al-Qaeda in­flu­ence af­ter the shrink­ing of the Is­lamic State group, ar­gu­ing that it has or­gan­ised groups which have de­vel­oped mar­tial skills and pro­fes­sional mil­i­tary plan­ning. Ac­cord­ing to him, Hisham Al-Ashamwy, the dis­missed mil­i­tary of­fi­cer be­lieved to have been in­volved Al-Wa­hat, an op­poser of IS, founded the Egyp­tian branch of the Al-Moura­bitoun led by Al-Qaeda’s Al­ge­rian Mokhtar Belmokhtar.

On an eco­nomic level, two ex­perts com­mented on the de­cline of Egypt in the in­ter­na­tional rank­ing from place 122 to 128 ac­cord­ing to World Bank’s Do­ing Busi­ness Re­port 2018 is­sued last week.

In Al-Shorouk, Ziad Ba­haa El-Din, for­mer chair­man of the Gen­eral Au­thor­ity for In­vest­ment, said that the Min­istry of In­vest­ment is not the only en­tity re­spon­si­ble for such de­press­ing re­sults, adding that al­though im­por­tant, the re­port isn’t the most in­dica­tive of the in­vest­ment en­vi­ron­ment in Egypt.

For his part, Ab­dul Moneim Saeed, cur­rent mem­ber of the Na­tional Coun­cil to Com­bat Ter­ror­ism, that Egypt’s re­treat has been on­go­ing since 2011. Saeed linked the in­vest­ment cir­cum­stances to a broader po­lit­i­cal view which he ar­gued should fo­cus on de­cen­tral­iza­tion and in­clu­sive­ness of the lo­cal com­mu­ni­ties who shall ben­e­fit ben­e­fit from in­vest­ment project.

ABOUL GHAR CALLED FOR THE END OF CUS­TOM­ARY REC­ON­CIL­I­A­TION AND SE­RI­OUS­NESS OF LAW RE­IN­FORCE­MENT TO FACE EX­TREM­ISTS

the In­ter­na­tional Youth Fo­rum in Sharm El-Sheikh

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