DARWINISM

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Darwinism is a the­ory of bi­o­log­i­cal evo­lu­tion de­vel­oped by the English nat­u­ral­ist Charles Dar­win (1809-1882) and oth­ers, stat­ing that all species of or­gan­isms arise and de­velop through the nat­u­ral se­lec­tion of small, in­her­ited vari­a­tions that in­crease the in­di­vid­ual’s abil­ity to com­pete, sur­vive, and re­pro­duce. Also called Dar­winian the­ory, it orig­i­nally in­cluded the broad con­cepts of trans­mu­ta­tion of species or of evo­lu­tion.

Charles Dar­win

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