FO­CUS POÉ­SIE

Art Press - - FIAC HORS LES MURS - Éric Lo­ret

ce­lui d’aga­cer, si l’on en juge par les re­cen­sions de son ou­vrage. Vou­lant sor­tir du post­mo­derne, il le dé­crit avec hu­mour comme une phi­lo­so­phie qui prend « l’exis­tence hu­maine pour un long film d’art et d’es­sai fran­çais, dans le­quel cha que pro­ta­go­niste s’ef­force de sé­duire tous les autres ». Et sa for­mule dé­sor­mais fa­meuse, « Tout existe, sauf le monde ! », s’ac­com­pagne vo­lon­tiers d’ex­pli­ca­tions pa­ra­doxales : « Je sou­tiens qu’il y a des li­cornes en uni­forme de po­lice sur la face ca­chée de la lune, car cette pen­sée existe dans le monde et avec elle les li­cornes en uni­forme. » The Ger­man phi­lo­so­pher Mar­kus Ga­briel, born in 1980, au­thor of Why the World Does Not Exist (John Wi­ley and Sons, 2015) will ans­wer the fol­lo­wing dou­bleed­ged ques­tion: “To what de­gree does thin­king about the world pro­duce a world where none yet exists?” Ci­ting af­fi­ni­ties with the French thin­kers Meh­di Bel­haj Ka­cem and Tris­tan Gar­cia, fel­low “new rea­lists,” Ga­briel si­tuates his views as post-spe­cu­la­tive rea­lism. He de­cons­tructs the idea­list and phe­no­me­no­lo­gi­cal concept of the “world” and the cor­res­pon­ding in­ter­pre­ta­tive tools, and ins­tead pro­poses “a double the­sis ac­cor­ding to which we can know things and facts in them­selves, and, se­cond­ly, things and facts in them­selves do not be­long to a single do­main of ob­jects.” In an in­ter­view in the French po­pu­lar cul­ture ma­ga­zine Les In­ro­ckup­tibles, he ex­plains, “rea­li­ty, as it is in it­self, al­rea­dy pos­sesses fields of sense. Our ex­pe­rience does not re­quire an ex­tra-hu­man rea­li­ty.” Ga­briel has a knack for snap­py phrases and pis­sing people off, jud­ging by the re­views of his work. As a post­post­mo­der­nist, he jo­kin­gly des­cribes his philosophy as one that “takes hu­man exis­tence for a long , ar­ty French mo­vie where each cha­rac­ter tries to se­duce all the others. “Eve­ry­thing exists, ex­cept for the world,” he fa­mous­ly pro­claims, gi­ving this idea the most pa­ra­doxi­cal ex­pla­na­tions: “I be­lieve that uni­corns wea­ring po­lice uni­forms exist on the hid­den side of the moon, be­cause these thought exists in the world and, with it, the­re­fore, uni­corns in uni­form.”

Trans­la­tion, L-S Tor­goff

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