The 2014 European elections Stakes of the European Parliament Opinion poll
504 million people in European Union can cast their vote for a new European Parliament in May 2014. The 751 deputies will take up their seats in July.
Since the first European elections of 1979 (38% of abstentions), the abstention increases until 2009 (57% of abstentions). The United Kingdom or Eastern European countries are more skeptics about Europe (in the UK, each European elections run a high abstention between 76% - 61,5%) than others (Italia : low abstention between 14,35% - 35%).
Yet, the European Union enlargement-6 member States to begin and 28 now- and the development of its competences-single market, international trade, agricultural policy to regional policy, single currency, environmental policy, justice and security coordination, ).
Invest Europe interviewed fifty people in March 2014. Let us present two main trends: the sceptics and the optimists.In any case, they expect some changes.
The European Parliament stakes: an increasing power?
The European Parliament vote bills with the Council of EU. The poll results gave this task of the EP as the main power, it is 70% of voters of the Invest Europe poll.
Since the Lisbonn Treaty came into force, the European Parliament will elect the President of the European Commission for the first time in 2014 (have a look on the candidates fulfilled). However, EU government leaders of the European Council will nominate a candidate for the post of the future Commission president. This presidency is important, it leads EU’s executive body which initiates legislation and supervises its implementation. But the vote won’t be a direct election but increases the democracy (control of the legislative power on the executive power).
Among people who won’t vote to European elections, the frequent reasons giving are: the EP’s power unimportant, annoyance of EU, they don’t have time or, for expatriates, it is complicated.
Expectations of Europeans about European Union future
Among Invest(ir) (en) Europe opinion poll question-What do you expect from the European Parliament?-?- some people answered more power of EP and all institutions of UE “a federation, tax harmonization and a monetary policy more aggressive, not based on price stabilization only!” Among people in favor of a federation even if just few member States are concerned, the reasons are expressed in different ways, “it is the only way to give power to pragmatism while, in France, the power belongs to ideologist”, or a best effectiveness policies in favor of “employment and technical expertise” and not a single market within unfair tax and wages competition.
Some Europeans deplore a significant law supervision on superficial matters-“the composition of wine, the level of schoolchildren tables, law and tax harmonization ”. They would rather like that the EU focuses on “important subjects in the general interest”. Some Europeans deplore the difficulties to solve common problems and are not able to manage external matters as an independent force, they focus on internal problems-“it is difficult to implement common policies with 28 member States”. Some would expect more free enterprise.
Some respondents deplore that European law make progress for a few countries but never for all Member States. They would rather like a law system in favor of free enterprise.
Among people who won’t vote, the poll questions were the reasons and also -Which new plan would change one’s mind? At the first question two main answers. Many people don’t vote for any elections-local, national or European- because they are very disappointed with the political government. Specifically for the European elections, there is a disinterest to European Union. At the second question, some answered “more democratic system”. They deplore a system close to lobbies and not to citizens. Some others said “less bureaucracy and more operational actions”. But some others answered “nothing would change one’s mind”.
Those interviews show one’s annoyance against public policies-neither they are european or national. They expect more effectiveness with positive economic and social results and also free enterprise.