Oppositions in Ukraine?
For the second time, the political power of V. Yanukovych is debatable by the movement of revolt. In 2004, Ukrainian presidential elections results were claimed to be unfair. The Orange Revolution (Pomarancheva revolyutsiya) sets up new Ukrainian presidential elections supervised by international observers in favor of V. Yushchenko. Even so, Ukrainian presidential elections of 2010 brought V. Yanukovych to power, candidate in favor of Russia, without dispute. The pressure of events was such that, the 22 of February 2014, the president Yanukovych is deposed by the Ukrainian Parliament. The second movement of revolt blamed the president for didn’t sign the agreement of association with the European Union and, also, for didn’t put an end to the corruption.
Corruption, frauds, murders, political prison sentences: the plagues of Ukraine
In 2004, on the Independance Square, Maïdan Nezalejnosty, the movement of revolt blamed the unfair Ukrainian presidential elections in favor of Yanukovych and, also, the political and financial scandals. Ukraine’s Supreme Court ordered a revote with domestic and international observers. V. Yushchenko is victory in January 2005 and appointed Timochenko as Prime Minister (8 months). But five years later, the new presidential election elected Yanukovych in 2010.
In 2011, Timochenko was convicted to abuse of power and sentenced to seven years of prison and ordered to pay the State $188 million. It is the second time she was put in jail (2001 also). The 21 November 2013, the government announces European Union association Agreement is being abandoned, revolt grew. Timochenko is released on February 2014.
Transparency International corruption index 2013 scores Ukraine as the 144th country on 177 (it scores 25/100 which is highly corrupt). The opposition would like that Parliament discuss changing the constitution to reduce president’s powers, some claims to be closer to EU and also a solution to the problems with Russians..
Ukraine divided itself between Russia and European Union
Formers President Koutchma and Yanukovich were supported by Russia and also by Eastern and Southern Ukraine (Crimée also). Former President Yuchenko and former member of the government Timochenko are supported by Western Ukraine and also in favor to get closer to European Union. Kiev is the center of all the claims.
The official language is Ukrainian, but most of Ukrainian is bilingual Russian. In 2012, a regional language law awards legal status to Russian language.
Western Ukraine is agricultural (20% of Ukrainian exports), the Eastern is industrial (steel industry 27% of Ukrainian exports). At this time, East is more prosperous than West. Russia is the main supplier of Ukraine (35,3% of Ukraine’s imports) and one of its big customers (24% of Ukraine’s exports) with the European Union (27% of Ukraine’s exports). In July 2012, Yanukovich ratified a free trade agreement with Russia, Byelorussia and Kazakhstan. In the same time, Ukraine increases its trade with merging countries as China, India, Brasilia and Turkey.