Op­po­si­tions in Ukraine?

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For the se­cond time, the po­li­ti­cal po­wer of V. Ya­nu­ko­vych is de­ba­table by the mo­ve­ment of re­volt. In 2004, Ukrai­nian pre­si­den­tial elec­tions re­sults were clai­med to be un­fair. The Orange Re­vo­lu­tion (Po­ma­ran­che­va re­vo­lyut­siya) sets up new Ukrai­nian pre­si­den­tial elec­tions su­per­vi­sed by in­ter­na­tio­nal ob­ser­vers in fa­vor of V. Yu­sh­chen­ko. Even so, Ukrai­nian pre­si­den­tial elec­tions of 2010 brought V. Ya­nu­ko­vych to po­wer, can­di­date in fa­vor of Rus­sia, wi­thout dis­pute. The pres­sure of events was such that, the 22 of Fe­brua­ry 2014, the pre­sident Ya­nu­ko­vych is de­po­sed by the Ukrai­nian Par­lia­ment. The se­cond mo­ve­ment of re­volt bla­med the pre­sident for didn’t si­gn the agree­ment of as­so­cia­tion with the Eu­ro­pean Union and, al­so, for didn’t put an end to the cor­rup­tion.

Cor­rup­tion, frauds, mur­ders, po­li­ti­cal pri­son sen­tences: the plagues of Ukraine

In 2004, on the In­de­pen­dance Square, Maï­dan Ne­za­le­j­nos­ty, the mo­ve­ment of re­volt bla­med the un­fair Ukrai­nian pre­si­den­tial elec­tions in fa­vor of Ya­nu­ko­vych and, al­so, the po­li­ti­cal and fi­nan­cial scan­dals. Ukraine’s Supreme Court or­de­red a re­vote with do­mes­tic and in­ter­na­tio­nal ob­ser­vers. V. Yu­sh­chen­ko is victory in Ja­nua­ry 2005 and ap­poin­ted Ti­mo­chen­ko as Prime Mi­nis­ter (8 months). But five years la­ter, the new pre­si­den­tial elec­tion elec­ted Ya­nu­ko­vych in 2010.

In 2011, Ti­mo­chen­ko was convic­ted to abuse of po­wer and sen­ten­ced to se­ven years of pri­son and or­de­red to pay the State $188 mil­lion. It is the se­cond time she was put in jail (2001 al­so). The 21 No­vem­ber 2013, the go­vern­ment an­nounces Eu­ro­pean Union as­so­cia­tion Agree­ment is being aban­do­ned, re­volt grew. Ti­mo­chen­ko is re­lea­sed on Fe­brua­ry 2014.

Trans­pa­ren­cy In­ter­na­tio­nal cor­rup­tion in­dex 2013 scores Ukraine as the 144th coun­try on 177 (it scores 25/100 which is high­ly cor­rupt). The op­po­si­tion would like that Par­lia­ment dis­cuss chan­ging the cons­ti­tu­tion to re­duce pre­sident’s po­wers, some claims to be clo­ser to EU and al­so a so­lu­tion to the pro­blems with Rus­sians..

Ukraine di­vi­ded it­self bet­ween Rus­sia and Eu­ro­pean Union

For­mers Pre­sident Koutch­ma and Ya­nu­ko­vich were sup­por­ted by Rus­sia and al­so by Eas­tern and Sou­thern Ukraine (Cri­mée al­so). For­mer Pre­sident Yu­chen­ko and for­mer mem­ber of the go­vern­ment Ti­mo­chen­ko are sup­por­ted by Wes­tern Ukraine and al­so in fa­vor to get clo­ser to Eu­ro­pean Union. Kiev is the cen­ter of all the claims.

The of­fi­cial lan­guage is Ukrai­nian, but most of Ukrai­nian is bi­lin­gual Rus­sian. In 2012, a re­gio­nal lan­guage law awards le­gal sta­tus to Rus­sian lan­guage.

Wes­tern Ukraine is agri­cul­tu­ral (20% of Ukrai­nian ex­ports), the Eas­tern is in­dus­trial (steel in­dus­try 27% of Ukrai­nian ex­ports). At this time, East is more pros­pe­rous than West. Rus­sia is the main sup­plier of Ukraine (35,3% of Ukraine’s im­ports) and one of its big cus­to­mers (24% of Ukraine’s ex­ports) with the Eu­ro­pean Union (27% of Ukraine’s ex­ports). In Ju­ly 2012, Ya­nu­ko­vich ra­ti­fied a free trade agree­ment with Rus­sia, Bye­lo­rus­sia and Ka­za­khs­tan. In the same time, Ukraine in­creases its trade with mer­ging coun­tries as Chi­na, In­dia, Bra­si­lia and Tur­key.

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