Environmental and political causes of the massive migratory wave of 2015
The wave of protests of the Arab Spring reached Syria in 2011, but peaceful demonstrations against the regime of Bassar Assad turning into armed conflicts and harsh repression and protests spread to the whole country and fester with arrival of Islamist fighters, two branches (alNostra Front affiliated with al Qaeda and the Islamic state) financed by Saudi Arabia and Qatar. Each combatants is supported by different powers: Qatar and Turkey supporting the Muslim Brotherhood face Bachar al Assad (because of the repression against the Sunnis, 1982); Iran and the Lebanese Hezbollah are Shiite thus supporting the Bachar al Assad regime; Russia as the United States and France want to fight Islamist groups except that the Russians were ready to support if necessary even Bachar al Assad that Syria assured them a naval base in the Mediterranean ( Tartous ). Terrorists are thus introduced in migration waves to penetrate Europe. On 15 November 2015, the President of the European Commission stated the following "those who perpetrated these attacks are exactly those that refugees are fleeing, not the reverse" and explaining that we should not reject all refugees (3).