Mi­gra­tion flows re­la­ted to trade de­ve­lop­ment.

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In the context of an­cient Greek ci­vi­li­sa­tion, an in­suf­fi­cient agri­cul­tu­ral land, so­me­times bad har­vests, lack of mar­ket op­por­tu­ni­ties and oc­ca­sio­nal po­li­ti­cal conflict, all these condi­tions were met to tempt some Greeks and Phoe­ni­cians mi­gra­ted. Their mas­te­ry of na­vi­ga­tion in the Me­di­ter­ra­nean en­cou­rages them to leave and found ma­ny ci­ties and trade flows, thus trans­mit­ting their cultures and eco­no­mic and po­li­ti­cal or­ga­ni­za­tion mo­dels on all coasts. Thus the Phoe­ni­cians es­ta­blish Carthage (­814), the Greeks crea­ted the Olym­pic Games (­776) and foun­ded Rome (­753) and Sy­ra­cuse (­733), Mar­seille (­600) and on the coasts of the Black Sea By­zan­tium (­667).

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