The mea­sures ta­ken in France in 2005 for a bet­ter in­te­gra­tion

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In 2003 and 2012, di­sa­bi­li­ty and au­tism have been de­cla­red ma­jor na­tio­nal causes and sup­port struc­tures have been es­ta­bli­shed. In 2005, the Go­vern­ment es­ta­bli­shed the De­part­men­tal House of Di­sa­bled People (Mai­son Dé­par­te­men­tale des Per­sonnes Han­di­ca­pées, MDPH), com­po­sed by pro­fes­sio­nals (Doc­tors, oc­cu­pa­tio­nal the­ra­pists, spe­cia­lists in social work and school for­ma­tion…), as a unique place for pu­blic ser­vice de­li­ve­ry, it has been set­up to in­form, sup­port and coun­sel the han­di­cap­ped per­son and his fa­mi­ly. Then it de­ve­lo­ped the mul­ti­dis­ci­pli­na­ry team, a tech­ni­cal com­mis­sion of the MDPH, com­po­sed al­so of pro­fes­sio­nals, is set­up in or­der to eva­luate the com­pe­ten­cies and the needs of chil­dren, it al­so es­ti­mates the ne­ces­sa­ry com­pen­sa­tion. Other struc­tures have been es­ta­bli­shed such as the com­mis­sion of the rights and au­to­no­my of the di­sa­bled people (CDAPH), for­med with re­pre­sen­ta­tives from the Ge­ne­ral Coun­cil (Con­seil Gé­ne­ral), from social pro­tec­tion Or­ga­nisms (CAF…), from stu­dents’ pa­rents as­so­cia­tions, from unions and re­pre­sen­ta­tives of di­sa­bled people and their fa­mi­ly. The Go­vern­ment de­ci­ded then to im­pose coo­pe­ra­tion bet­ween the De­part­ment of Edu­ca­tion and the me­di­cal and edu­ca­tio­nal ser­vices be­cause the num­ber of di­sa­bled chil­dren in­crea­sed consi­de­ra­bly be­cause of the ex­ten­sion of the di­sa­bi­li­ty’s cri­te­ria since 2005. Mea­sures have been ta­ken to fa­ci­li­tate the ac­cess to any place to di­sa­bled star­ting in 2015. Fai­lure to com­ply with new stan­dards is sub­ject to ve­ry hea­vy sanc­tions (Clo­sure of the struc­ture, a 45.000 eu­ros fine, pro­hi­bi­tion to prac­tice, and a 75.000 eu­ros fine for re­pea­ted of­fense.

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