Integration of renewable energy, a real challenge
Some experts consider that nuclear power will be linked to the future of renewable energies, due to its own characteristics (5). However, will the nuclear energy answer in time to raise and lower power. It is therefore the thermal and hydro that will balance and sustainability (6).
However, renewable energy (called "fatal energy"), with intermittent and random nature are insufficient and inadequate to replace nuclear power (even if it doesn’t solve the problem of radioactive waste) (7) at the present time.
In 20142015, the wholesale electricity markets in Europe have decreased, leading to a situation of overcapacity due to sluggish demand for electricity due to the economic crisis and an increase in production capacity, following the arrival of renewable energy networks. In the same vein, the development of Smart Grids (intelligent network) will foster integration in the common electricity market of renewable energy and develop crossborder electricity exchanges.
* Le paquet « énergieclimat 2030 » de l’Union européenne entend poursuivre la transformation du système énergétique et électrique européen et renforcer le marché commun de l’énergie et de l’électricité(8).
The package "EnergyClimate 2030" of the European Union intends to continue the transformation of the European energy and electricity system and strengthen the common energy and electricity market (8).