What is consciousness?
The philosophers tried to define it since the ancient period. In the XVII century, R. Descartes defined the “notion of thought in terms of reflexive consciousness or self- awareness”( 5).
In the XVIII and XIX century, G. W. F. Hegel defined consciousness as knowledge( or as a
6) synthesis as I. Kant “Consciousness is unity being done”( 6).
In the XX century, B. Russel defined the consciousness as the relationship between the object and the subject(). And J. P. Sartre said “All consciousness isn’t knowledge only” giving the example of emotional awareness( 6).
I report some discussions with many different analysts about this subject.
The physicist Dr Manohar Rudolph( defined consciousness as conscious with knowledge
7) and so try to solve the hard problem of consciousness by using the 4 chamber model of P. R. Sarkar which is a representation of “the physical and mental realities arise out of a process of bifurcation and reduction ( developing a subjective and an objective realm)”. And so consciousness arises from a lively interaction between these states. This model is a “complex space time metric” and you find a “metabolism between different parts, which holds them together, like in an organism”. This model takes in account “external ( physical activity of neuronal network) and internal ( psychic, subjective character experience) phenomena into different spaces”.
The sociologist Dr Dan “is skeptical of the project of modeling Mind mathematically” because mathematical models are products of the mind” and so limited.
( 5) « Principes de Philosophie » , 1640, quoted by « Consciousness » , 14/ 01/ 2014, https:// plato. stanford. edu. ( 6) « Conscience » , Encyclopédie philosophique universelle, PUF.
( 7) Doctor Hans- Joachim Rudolph, « Microvita : Exploring a New Science of Reality » , Author House, Berlin, 2017.