How can neu­ro­science help us to change the way we look at our chil­dren?

Milk Magazine (English) - - EDUCATION -

Ad­vances in sci­en­tic re­search of­fer us the chance to bet­ter un­der­stand child de­vel­op­ment, and, more broadly speak­ing, to grasp the ex­tremely com­plex way a hu­man be­ing func­tions. Each of us is mul­ti­ple and con­stantly evolv­ing all through our life. It thus seems ab­surd to con­fine some­body to one cat­e­gory, since the term used to de­scribe him/her will re­flect only a tiny part of his/her per­son­al­ity, re­lated to spe­cific cir­cum­stances.

The no­tion of “neu­ral plas­tic­ity” has so far proved con­vinc­ing and ex­plains our vast fac­ulty for evo­lu­tion. Neu­ral plas­tic­ity refers to the ca­pac­ity of the brain to cre­ate, undo and re­or­ga­nize synap­tic net­works and con­nec­tions be­tween neu­rons as a per­son’s ex­pe­ri­ences change. Hu­man be­ings thus de­velop their skills all through their lives, at their own pace and ac­cord­ing to their en­vi­ron­ment. Judg­ing the abil­i­ties of a child at a given mo­ment will not there­fore sys­tem­at­i­cally in­di­cate his/her fu­ture ap­ti­tudes.

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