It has been proved that EDCs have a di­rect im­pact on the de­vel­op­ment of ill­nesses and mal­for­ma­tions

Milk Magazine (English) - - HEALTH -

Dr Olivier Cha­mond. While peo­ple speak of a strong causal link, un­til now we have not man­aged to prove a di­rect effect on hu­man be­ings. Why not? Be­cause the only per­ti­nent stud­ies that can be con­ducted are ob­ser­va­tional stud­ies: we study the lifestyle and use of prod­ucts of a co­hort, or sam­ple of the pop­u­la­tion. Then we wait and see whether a dis­ease or dis­or­der ap­pears or not. Ev­ery study is car­ried out in the lab­o­ra­tory or in test tubes, which is all well and good, but some­what un­real. In real life, there is also what we in­hale, what we eat and our own personal ge­netic sen­si­tiv­ity to be con­sid­ered. Hence the com­plex­ity of prov­ing the di­rect ef­fects of a sub­stance. Nev­er­the­less, we have suc­ceeded in ban­ning the use of Bisphe­nol A in plas­tic baby bot­tles. The causal link here is suf­fi­ciently strong for us to say that Bisphe­nol A and its de­riv­a­tives may have a harm­ful effect on ba­bies. But to get ev­ery prod­uct con­tain­ing sol­vents, lu­bri­cants and pes­ti­cides with­drawn from the mar­ket verges on the im­pos­si­ble. Dr Valérie Foussier. There are strong grounds for be­liev­ing that EDCs have a neg­a­tive im­pact on meta­bolic dis­eases, re­pro­duc­tive sys­tem dis­or­ders, early pu­berty, gen­i­tal mal­for­ma­tions and hor­mone-de­pen­dent can­cers. The ex­act role that they play re­mains to be as­sessed in or­der to pro­tect frag­ile pop­u­la­tions (preg­nant women and chil­dren). How­ever, as­sess­ing the dan­gers is a com­plex process. It is thus im­pos­si­ble to es­tab­lish norms since reg­u­la­tions vary so widely from coun­try to coun­try. Cur­rent leg­is­la­tion does not pro­tect pub­lic health.

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