It has been proved that EDCs have a direct impact on the development of illnesses and malformations
Dr Olivier Chamond. While people speak of a strong causal link, until now we have not managed to prove a direct effect on human beings. Why not? Because the only pertinent studies that can be conducted are observational studies: we study the lifestyle and use of products of a cohort, or sample of the population. Then we wait and see whether a disease or disorder appears or not. Every study is carried out in the laboratory or in test tubes, which is all well and good, but somewhat unreal. In real life, there is also what we inhale, what we eat and our own personal genetic sensitivity to be considered. Hence the complexity of proving the direct effects of a substance. Nevertheless, we have succeeded in banning the use of Bisphenol A in plastic baby bottles. The causal link here is sufficiently strong for us to say that Bisphenol A and its derivatives may have a harmful effect on babies. But to get every product containing solvents, lubricants and pesticides withdrawn from the market verges on the impossible. Dr Valérie Foussier. There are strong grounds for believing that EDCs have a negative impact on metabolic diseases, reproductive system disorders, early puberty, genital malformations and hormone-dependent cancers. The exact role that they play remains to be assessed in order to protect fragile populations (pregnant women and children). However, assessing the dangers is a complex process. It is thus impossible to establish norms since regulations vary so widely from country to country. Current legislation does not protect public health.