Dogs com­for­ting their ow­ners

Une étude qui a du chien.

Vocable (Anglais) - - Édito Sommaire - SA­BRI­NA BARR

Le chien est le meilleur ami de l’Homme, ce­la n’est pas nou­veau. De­puis le Croc-Blanc de Jack Lon­don, les ar­tistes n’ont eu de cesse de re­pré­sen­ter la re­la­tion si par­ti­cu­lière qui unit les êtres hu­mains aux ca­ni­dés. Grâce à une étude me­née par des cher­cheurs de la Johns Hop­kins Uni­ver­si­ty, ce lieu com­mun est dé­sor­mais scien­ti­fi­que­ment prou­vé...

Af­ter a long, hard, stress­ful day, there’s no­thing bet­ter for a dog ow­ner than re­tur­ning home and see­king com­fort from your ca­nine pal. While you may of­ten won­der whe­ther your fur­ry friend ge­nui­ne­ly loves you as much as you do them, recent re­search sug­gests that dogs clear­ly de­mons­trate their af­fec­tion when their ow­ners are sho­wing vi­sible si­gns of up­set. Not on­ly can your dog tell when you’re fee­ling down in the dumps, but they’ll al­so do eve­ry­thing in their po­wer to make you feel bet­ter if so, a new stu­dy has found.

2. The stu­dy, which was pu­bli­shed in the jour­nal Lear­ning and Be­ha­viour, put a co­hort of dogs to the test by pla­cing their ow­ners on the other side of a clear door and ha­ving them ei­ther hum Twinkle, Twinkle Lit­tle Star or cry. The group of dogs, which in­clu­ded a va­rie­ty of breeds such as gol­den re­trie­vers, pugs and la­bra­dors, were able to see and hear their ow­ners at all times.

FASTER DOGS

3. The re­sear­chers dis­co­ve­red that the dogs who ope­ned the doors to reach their ow­ners when they’d been crying did so three times faster than the dogs whose ow­ners had been hum­ming. On top of that, the dogs who came through the door to com­fort their wee­ping ow­ners ex­hi­bi­ted lo­wer stress le­vels, in­di­ca­ting that they didn’t feel too stres­sed to help their ow­ners when in need.

4. “We found dogs not on­ly sense what their ow­ners are fee­ling, [but] if a dog knows a way to help them, they’ll go through bar­riers to help them,” says Emi­ly San­ford, a gra­duate student in psy­cho­lo­gi­cal and brain sciences at Johns Hop­kins Uni­ver­si­ty and lead au­thor of the stu­dy.

CLUELESS DOGS

5. While some of the dogs were quick to spring in­to ac­tion when their ow­ners were see­min­gly up­set, the dogs who sho­wed the most si­gns of stress were the ones who didn’t try to go through the door at all. This wasn’t due to lack of ca­ring, but sim­ply not kno­wing what to do to help, the stu­dy sta­ted.

6. “Dogs have been by the side of hu­mans for tens of thou­sands of years and they’ve lear­ned to read our so­cial cues,” San­ford says. “Our fin­dings rein­force that idea, and show that, like Las­sie, dogs who know their people are in trouble might spring in­to ac­tion.”

1. to seek, sought, sought (re)cher­cher / pal ami / while alors que / to won­der se de­man­der, s'in­ter­ro­ger / whe­ther si (oui ou non) / fur­ry à four­rure, à poils / ge­nui­ne­ly vrai­ment / up­set contra­rié­té, cha­grin / to tell, told, told ici, dé­ce­ler / to feel, felt, felt down in the dumps se sen­tir abat­tu/dé­pri­mé / if so ici, si c'est le cas. 2. jour­nal re­vue spé­cia­li­sée (scien­ti­fique) / be­ha­viour com­por­te­ment / co­hort groupe / to put, put, put to the test mettre à l'épreuve, étudier / clear ici, trans­pa­rent / to have, had, had sb do sth ici, de­man­der à qn de faire qch / ei­ther... or soit... soit / to hum fre­don­ner / to twinkle briller (ici, réf. à la chan­son pour en­fants) / breed race / such as tel(les) que / pug car­lin (race). 3. to reach at­teindre; ici, al­ler à la ren­contre de / on top of that par ailleurs / to weep, wept, wept pleu­rer / to ex­hi­bit pré­sen­ter, ma­ni­fes­ter. 4. to find, found, found ici, dé­cou­vrir / to sense res­sen­tir, per­ce­voir / way fa­çon / gra­duate student étu­diant de deuxième/ troi­sième cycle / brain (du) cer­veau / lead ici, prin­ci­pal.5. clueless ignare / to spring, sprang, sprung in­to ac­tion agir / see­min­gly en ap­pa­rence / at all du tout / lack manque / ca­ring com­pas­sion / to state in­di­quer. 6. cue signe / people ici, maître / to be in trouble être en dif­fi­cul­té.

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