What are the U.S. midterm elections?
The U.S. midterms are the elections that take place every four years in November, in the middle of a president’s term in office.
During these elections, American citizens elect all the members of the House of
Representatives (435 seats). They also elect members of the Senate in 33 or 34 states, which means that roughly a third of the seats in the Senate are up for grabs. Voters also elect their governors in 36 states. In many states, voters are also being asked to elect members of their state legislatures, as well as other officers like state and county judges.
These elections are often regarded as a referendum on the sitting president because what is at stake is control of the second arm of government, the “legislature”, that is both houses of the U.S. Congress.
term in office mandat / roughly approximativement, environ / up for grabs à pourvoir / legislature assemblée législative / officer ici, officiel / to regard considérer / sitting en exercice / at stake en jeu.
globe as voters have raged against traditional institutions and politicians — adding to the uncertainty and tension surrounding this midterm.
9. Further fueling the apocalyptic mood is Trump's all-consuming personality, which has kept supporters and critics inflamed. Every week arrives with the exhausting velocity and unpredictability of peak campaign season — now going on year three. Liberal activists interviewed for this story stressed that beyond personality, they are also fighting on tangible issues that affect everyday
to rage against se déchaîner contre / to add to accroître. 9. to fuel alimenter, entretenir / mood ambiance / all-consuming monopolisant toute l'attention / exhausting épuisant / unpredictability imprévisibilité / peak sommet, apogée / story ici, article / to stress insister sur le fait que / tangible concret / people, such as taxes, health care, workers' rights, and the Supreme Court. Some Republicans have argued that the president's policies are broadly popular. But Trump's realityshow style overshadows everything, analysts said.
10. With many voters in moderate, suburban areas turning against the president and the GOP, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and California are the three states most critical to control of the House, said Kyle Kondik, an analyst at the University of Virginia. Democrats, who need to add 23 seats for a House majority, are considered a near lock to gain at least three seats in the Philadelphia region but are targeting to argue affirmer, soutenir / to overshadow éclipser. 10. suburban area zone périurbaine, banlieue / ...are considered a near lock to gain... ...devraient en toute probabilité remporter... / to target viser / much more. If a true wave emerges, they might net double-digit gains across Pennsylvania and New Jersey. The fight for the Senate is on more conservative turf, where 10 Democratic incumbents are running in states Trump won.
11. Even if a Democratic wave emerges, it may not predict Trump's future. Democrats suffered a disastrous 2010 midterm, but Obama won reelection two years later. Meanwhile, the left is wrestling with its own upheaval.
12. In some cases Democrats have nominated centrists, like Rep. Conor Lamb, in Western Pennsylvania, who have appealed to swing voters. In other instances they opted for hardcharging liberals, particularly women and people of color, who have challenged the old order — most famously Alexandria OcasioCortez in New York and Ayanna Pressley in Boston. The different approaches will offer a test of competing strategies as Democrats prepare to confront Trump directly in 2020. It's yet another reason why this election feels so big. to net ici, engranger / double-digit à deux chiffres / turf terrritoire, fief / incumbent ici, sénateur sortant / to run, ran, run être candidat, se présenter (élection). 11. to wrestle with se débattre avec / upheaval ici, crise. 12. Rep. = Representative membre de la Chambre des Représentants / to appeal to plaire à, séduire / swing versatile, indécis / instance cas de figure / hard-charging pugnace, belliqueux / to challenge remettre en question.
Further fueling the apocalyptic mood is Trump's allconsuming personality.