HIS­TORIC SITES

Where Berlin - - SIGHTSEEING -

There are some things Ber­lin­ers are ex­tremely proud of: their city's cre­ative flair, its 175 mu­se­ums, the beau­ti­ful parks, rivers, and lakes – and the cur­ry­wurst. Ber­lin’s most pop­u­lar street food has be­come so fa­mous that it even has its own mu­seum, the Deutsches Cur­ry­wurst Mu­seum, where you can learn ev­ery­thing you ever wanted to know about the ubiq­ui­tous snack. Visit the in­ter­ac­tive ex­hibits, which in­clude a vir­tual cur­ry­wurst­mak­ing sta­tion, a spice-sniff­ing cham­ber, au­dio booths shaped as ketchup bot­tles, and an orig­i­nal snack bar on wheels. Schützen­str. 70. www.cur­ry­wurst­mu­seum.com ses­sion. The ple­nary hall can be vis­ited only on guided tours. Cupola: Daily 8am– mid­night by ap­point­ment only. Free. Regis­ter on web­site; it is rec­om­mended to do so at least three days prior to your visit. Au­dio tours avail­able. www.bun­destag.de. Platz der Repub­lik 1. T: 030.22732152. U Bun­destag. D3/E3

Siegessäule ( Vic­tory Col­umn)

The tri­umphal col­umn on the Straße der 17. Juni, in the mid­dle of Tier­garten park, com­mem­o­rates vic­tory in the Prusso- Dan­ish war, while the an­gel on top was added af­ter two fur­ther war vic­to­ries against Aus­tria and France. Daily 9:30am– 6:30pm (week­ends un­til 7pm); win­ter 10am– 5pm (week­ends un­til 5:30pm). € 3/2. Großer Stern 1. T: 030.3912961. U Hansaplatz. C3/D3

Asisi’s Wall Panorama

Yade­gar Asisi cre­ated a panorama of di­vided Ber­lin, pre­sent­ing ev­ery­day life against the back­drop of the Wall on an imag­i­nary day in the 1980s. The artist's aim was to show how the pop­u­la­tion came to terms with the situation, and the re­sult gives on­look­ers a glimpse of East Ger­man life. Daily 10am– 6pm. €10/4. www.asisi.de. Friedrich­str. 205. T: 0341.3555340. U Kochstraße. E3/E4

Ber­lin Wall Doc­u­men­ta­tion Cen­ter

MUST SEE Walk along one of the few sur­viv­ing stretches of the Ber­lin Wall in an area of the city where its im­pact was par­tic­u­larly dra­matic, then delve into its sto­ried his­tory at the doc­u­men­ta­tion cen­ter. Doc­u­ments and orig­i­nal ra­dio broad­casts from both East and West chron­i­cle one of Ger­many’s sad­dest his­tor­i­cal pe­ri­ods. Grounds and open-air ex­hi­bi­tion: 8am-10pm daily; doc­u­men­ta­tion cen­ter: Tue–Sun 10am– 6pm. Free. www.ber­liner-mauer- gedenkstaette.de. Ber­nauer Str. 111. T: 030.467986666. U Ber­nauer Straße. E2

Check­point Char­lie

Dur­ing the Cold War, Check­point Char­lie was the main gate­way be­tween East and West. Shortly af­ter the Wall went up, US and Soviet tanks faced each other on this spot. Today, the cross­ing point acts pri­mar­ily as a back­drop for tourist pho­to­graphs. U Kochstraße, U Stadt­mitte. E3/E4

East Side Gallery

While West Ber­lin­ers loved to ex­press their cre­ativ­ity by draw­ing graf­fiti and painting on the Wall, East Ber­lin­ers were never al­lowed to use the di­vid­ing struc­ture as a can­vas. To make up for all the art­less years, artists from 21 coun­tries were called upon in 1990 to dec­o­rate one mile of the Wall's east­ern seg­ment with their work, creat­ing what is now known as the East Side Gallery. Müh­len­straße. S+U Warschauer Straße, S Ost­bahn­hof. G4

Holo­caust Me­mo­rial

MUST SEE Ber­lin’s trib­ute to the vic­tims of the Holo­caust is as big as a soc­cer field and con­sists of 2711 tomb­stone-like slabs of equal size and vary­ing heights, placed on un­even ground to con­vey a sense of claus­tro­pho­bia and dis­ori­en­ta­tion. The un­der­ground in­for­ma­tion cen­ter pro­vides a time­line of Jewish per­se­cu­tion. Ac­ces­si­ble 24 hours a day. Free. www.holo­caust-mah­n­mal.de. Cora- Ber­liner Straße. T: 030.2639430. U Bran­den­burger Tor. E3

Karl-Marx-Allee

Ber­lin’s best ex­am­ple of GDR- era Ne­o­re­al­ist ar­chi­tec­ture is a 90m- (295ft-) wide boule­vard built be­tween 1950 and 1960 to pro­vide hous­ing for thou­sands of res­i­dents and to act as a back­drop for mil­i­tary pa­rades. The street quickly be­came a source of na­tional pride for East Ger­many, due to its res­i­den­tial tower blocks in­spired by Moscow and by Stalin’s ideal style: na­tion­al­is­tic in form but so­cial­ist in con­tent. The boule­vard is an im­por­tant ar­chi­tec­tural show­case. U We­ber­wiese, Straus­berger Platz. F3/G3

Mauer Mu­seum (Haus am Check­point Char­lie)

This pri­vately run ex­hibit ex­plores the crafty in­ven­tions used by East Ger­mans to es­cape East Ger­many, in­clud­ing Tra­bant cars with hid­den doors, hot-air bal­loons, tun­nels, and chair­lifts. Mon–Sun 9am–10pm. €12.50/6.50. www.mauer­mu­seum.de. Friedrich­str. 43- 45. T: 030.2537250. U Kochstraße. E3/E4

Sach­sen­hausen Con­cen­tra­tion Camp

Built in 1936 by pris­on­ers as a model con­cen­tra­tion camp, Sach­sen­hausen saw mainly po­lit­i­cal pris­on­ers in its first years, while Jews, gyp­sies, ho­mo­sex­u­als, and peo­ple con­sid­ered “in­fe­rior” ar­rived a few years later. Daily 8:30am– 6pm (midOct– mid- Mar un­til 4:30pm); Mon mu­se­ums and exhibitions closed. Free. Guided tours avail­able. www.stiftung- bg.de. Straße der Na­tio­nen 22, Oranien­burg. T: 03301.200200. S Oranien­burg or RE Oranien­burg train from Haupt­bahn­hof. Off Map

Stasi Prison

MUST SEE Be­tween 1945 and 1989, more than 20,000 peo­ple sus­pected of op­pos­ing the East Ger­man po­lit­i­cal sys­tem were ar­rested by the Stasi (se­cret police) and brought to this cus­tody build­ing. In its first and dark­est years, the prison’s cel­lars, known as “the sub­ma­rine,” were used to in­flict psy­cho­log­i­cal tor­ture on the in­mates, while the rel­a­tively more hu­mane cells are on the up­per floors, next to a seem­ingly never- end­ing cor­ri­dor lined with in­ter­ro­ga­tion rooms. Tours in English on Wed, Sat, and Sun at 2:30pm in win­ter, daily at 11:30am and 2:30pm in sum­mer. €6/3. en.stiftung- hsh.de. Gensler­str. 66. T: 030.98608230. S Landsberger Allee, then Tram M5 to Freien­walder Str., then 10- minute walk. Off Map

To­pogra­phie des Ter­rors

MUST SEE On the site of the for­mer head­quar­ters of the SS and the Third Reich’s most im­por­tant of­fices, this per­ma­nent ex­hi­bi­tion re­counts the tragic his­tory of Nazi forced la­bor, fo­cus­ing on the cen­tral in­sti­tu­tions of the SS and Third Reich police and the crimes they com­mit­ted through­out Europe. A pre­served seg­ment of the Ber­lin Wall runs along ex­hi­bi­tion grounds. Daily 10am– 8pm. Free. www.to­pogra­phie.de. Niederkirch­n­er­str. 8. T: 030.2545090. U Kochstraße, S+U Pots­damer Platz. E4

Trä­nen­palast (Palace of Tears)

Un­til 1990, the de­par­ture hall of the Friedrich­straße sta­tion was also a bor­der cross­ing for West Ber­lin­ers on their way home af­ter vis­it­ing rel­a­tives and friends in the East. The many painful farewells brought lo­cals to re­name the build­ing the “palace of tears.” The per­ma­nent ex­hi­bi­tion Bor­der Ex­pe­ri­ence: Ev­ery­day Life in Di­vided Ger­many re­counts the ef­fects of the bor­der on Ger­man res­i­dents of the time. Tue– Fri 9am–7pm, Sat–Sun un­til 6pm. Free. www.hdg.de. Re­ich­stagufer 17. T: 030.46777790. S+U Friedrich­straße. E3

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