HIS­TORIC SITES

Where Berlin - - SIGHTSEEING -

Asisi’s Wall Panorama

Yade­gar Asisi cre­ated a panorama of di­vided Ber­lin, pre­sent­ing ev­ery­day life against the back­drop of the Wall on an imag­i­nary day in the 1980s. The artist's aim was to show how the pop­u­la­tion came to terms with the sit­u­a­tion, and the re­sult gives on­look­ers a glimpse of East Ger­man life. Daily 10am– 6pm. €10/4. www.asisi.de. Friedrich­str. 205. T: 0341.3555340. U Kochstraße. E3/E4

Ber­lin Wall Doc­u­men­ta­tion Cen­ter

MUST SEE Walk along one of the few sur­viv­ing stretches of the Ber­lin Wall in an area of the city where its im­pact was par­tic­u­larly dra­matic, then delve into its sto­ried his­tory at the doc­u­men­ta­tion cen­ter. Doc­u­ments and orig­i­nal ra­dio broad­casts from both East and West chron­i­cle one of Ger­many's sad­dest his­tor­i­cal pe­ri­ods. Open-air ex­hi­bi­tion: 8am-10pm daily; doc­u­men­ta­tion cen­ter: Tue–Sun 10am– 6pm. Free. www.ber­liner-mauerge­denkstaette.de. Ber­nauer Str. 111. U Ber­nauer Straße. E2

Check­point Char­lie

Dur­ing the Cold War, Check­point Char­lie was the main gate­way between East and West. Shortly af­ter the Wall went up, US and Soviet tanks faced each other on this spot. To­day, the crossing point acts pri­mar­ily as a back­drop for tourist photographs. U Kochstraße, U Stadt­mitte. E3/E4

East Side Gallery

While West Ber­lin­ers loved to ex­press their cre­ativ­ity by draw­ing graf­fiti and paint­ing on the Wall, East Ber­lin­ers were never al­lowed to use the di­vid­ing struc­ture as a can­vas. To make up for all the art­less years, artists from 21 coun­tries were called upon in 1990 to dec­o­rate one mile of the Wall's eastern seg­ment with their work, cre­at­ing what is now known as the East Side Gallery. Müh­len­straße. S+U Warschauer Straße, S Ost­bahn­hof. G4

Holo­caust Memo­rial

MUST SEE Ber­lin's trib­ute to the vic­tims of the Holo­caust is as big as a soc­cer field and con­sists of 2711 tomb­stone-like slabs of equal size and vary­ing heights, placed on un­even ground to con­vey a sense of claus­tro­pho­bia and dis­ori­en­ta­tion. The un­der­ground in­for­ma­tion cen­ter pro­vides a time­line of Jewish per­se­cu­tion. Ac­ces­si­ble 24 hours a day. Free. www.holo­caust-mah­n­mal.de. Cora- Ber­liner Straße. T: 030.2639430. U Bran­den­burger Tor. E3

Karl-Marx-Allee

CL9000401449Ber­lin's best ex­am­ple of GDR- era Ne­o­re­al­ist ar­chi­tec­ture is a 90m- (295ft-) wide boule­vard built between 1950 and 1960 to pro­vide hous­ing for thou­sands of res­i­dents and to act as a back­drop for mil­i­tary pa­rades. The street quickly be­came a source of na­tional pride for East Ger­many, due to its res­i­den­tial tower blocks in­spired by Moscow and by Stalin's ideal style: na­tion­al­is­tic in form but so­cial­ist in con­tent. The MUST SEE On the site of the for­mer head­quar­ters of the SS and the Third Reich's most im­por­tant of­fices, this per­ma­nent ex­hi­bi­tion re­counts the tragic his­tory of Nazi forced la­bor, fo­cus­ing on the cen­tral in­sti­tu­tions of the SS and Third Reich po­lice and the crimes they com­mit­ted through­out Europe. A seg­ment of the Wall runs along the grounds. Daily 10am– 8pm. Free. www. to­pogra­phie.de. Niederkirch­n­er­str. 8. T: 030.2545090. U Kochstraße. E4

Trä­nen­palast (Palace of Tears)

Un­til 1990, the de­par­ture hall of the Friedrich­straße sta­tion was also a bor­der crossing for West Ber­lin­ers on their way home af­ter vis­it­ing rel­a­tives and friends in the East. The many painful farewells brought lo­cals to re­name the build­ing the “palace of tears.” Tue– Fri 9am–7pm (Sat–Sun un­til 6pm). Free. www.hdg.de. Re­ich­stagufer 17. T: 030.46777790. S+U Friedrich­straße. E3

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