What are Europe’s borders?

Kathimerini English - - Front Page - BY NIKOS KONSTANDARAS

sealed ei­ther to­ward the sea or to­ward the rest of the EU. Tur­key, for its part, in­sisted that only if its cit­i­zens were granted eas­ier ac­cess to EU visas would it co­op­er­ate more closely in con­trol­ling the flow of refugees. Ger­man Chan­cel­lor An­gela Merkel will visit Tur­key on Sun­day to try win over its gov­ern­ment. These ideas and ac­tions re­veal that Europe’s lead­ers ei­ther do not un­der­stand how peo­ple and coun­tries act or are try­ing to put off nec­es­sary de­ci­sions. The flow of refugees and mi­grants does not stop at borders but only at the source – their coun­tries of ori­gin. And the so­lu­tion to this flow can­not be the ghet­toiza­tion of coun­tries of en­try. In a let­ter to EU lead­ers, the pres­i­dent of the Euro- pean Coun­cil, Don­ald Tusk, stressed that “the ex­cep­tion­ally easy ac­cess to Europe is one of the main pull fac­tors.” The straits be­tween Tur­key and Greece are in­deed nar­row but they are deadly, as the al­most daily death toll shows. The cross­ing to Italy is nei­ther brief nor safe. A year ago, when Bri­tain pulled its forces from an in­ter­na­tional res­cue mis­sion in the Mediter­ranean, it ar­gued that the ex­is­tence of such mis­sions sim­ply en­cour­aged mi­grants. When the op­er­a­tion was scaled back, the death toll soared. The masses did not stop com­ing, nor will they stop when bor­der con­trols are in­creased. What will the guards do? Sink the boats or shoot des­per­ate peo­ple? The pro­pos­als for a Euro­pean bor­der corps with in-

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