What are Europe’s borders?
sealed either toward the sea or toward the rest of the EU. Turkey, for its part, insisted that only if its citizens were granted easier access to EU visas would it cooperate more closely in controlling the flow of refugees. German Chancellor Angela Merkel will visit Turkey on Sunday to try win over its government. These ideas and actions reveal that Europe’s leaders either do not understand how people and countries act or are trying to put off necessary decisions. The flow of refugees and migrants does not stop at borders but only at the source – their countries of origin. And the solution to this flow cannot be the ghettoization of countries of entry. In a letter to EU leaders, the president of the Euro- pean Council, Donald Tusk, stressed that “the exceptionally easy access to Europe is one of the main pull factors.” The straits between Turkey and Greece are indeed narrow but they are deadly, as the almost daily death toll shows. The crossing to Italy is neither brief nor safe. A year ago, when Britain pulled its forces from an international rescue mission in the Mediterranean, it argued that the existence of such missions simply encouraged migrants. When the operation was scaled back, the death toll soared. The masses did not stop coming, nor will they stop when border controls are increased. What will the guards do? Sink the boats or shoot desperate people? The proposals for a European border corps with in-