Prime Pune

Accommodation Times - - .. Echoes.. - By Nikita Parekh

Pune is a spe­cial city. It is a seat of learn­ing, a hub of busi­ness and in­dus­try, it has been en­dowed with rich cul­ture and her­itage and a fine cli­mate, most of the year. Not sur­pris­ingly, its pop­u­la­tion has grown ex­po­nen­tially over the years, cre­at­ing on its way, some ma­jor chal­lenges for its fu­ture.

Pune is also a very vi­brant real es­tate mar­ket, matched by some of the finest real es­tate de­vel­op­ers in the coun­try. The face of Pune is grad­u­ally get­ting trans­formed with world class ar­chi­tec­ture and build­ings. In many ways, it has not been able to dis­play its true value and po­ten­tial. The ar­chaic land laws, con­ver­sion pro­cesses, build­ing reg­u­la­tions and woe­fully in­ad­e­quate in­fra­struc­ture has not only com­pelled it to per­form at a sub­op­ti­mal level, but has, in the process, un­der­mined its im­age. The real es­tate sec­tor in the coun­try, to my mind, has been a vic­tim of lack of good gov­er­nance and trans­parency.

Pune is the sev­enth largest me­trop­o­lis in In­dia, the sec­ond largest in the state of Ma­ha­rash­tra af­ter Mum­bai and the largest city in the Western Ghats. Pune city is the ad­min­is­tra­tive cap­i­tal of Pune district. To­day, Pune is known for its ed­u­ca­tional fa­cil­i­ties and rel­a­tive pros­per­ity. Pune is the cul­tural cap­i­tal of Ma­ha­rash­tra. It has a grow­ing in­dus­trial hin­ter­land, with in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy and au­to­mo­tive com­pa­nies set­ting up fac­to­ries in the district. Pune is a thriv­ing in­dus­trial cen­tre shel­ter­ing man­u­fac­tur­ing units of some of the most pres­ti­gious in­dus­trial houses of the world. The dy- namic cul­ture and job op­por­tu­ni­ties at­tract mi­grants and stu­dents from all over In­dia and abroad. De­mog­ra­phy Pune District Pop­u­la­tion Growth Rate

The pop­u­la­tion of Pune city as per Cen­sus 20011 is close to 75 lakhs. In the last 50 years, the city’s pop­u­la­tion has grown by more than five times. The growth in pop­u­la­tion tes­ti­fies to the vi­brancy of its eco­nomic ac­tiv­ity. In­dia has a very young pop­ula- tive of this de­mo­graphic char­ac­ter­is­tic with the me­dian age be­ing closer to the na­tional level. But, 62 per­cent of the to­tal pop­u­la­tion is un­der the age of 30 years. In Pune, the 25-34 age group forms a larger pro­por­tion of the to­tal pop­u­la­tion com­pared to that pre­vail­ing at the na­tional level. It is es­ti­mated that about 50 per­cent of the pop­u­la­tion in­crease is on ac­count of in-mi­gra­tion. This prob­a­bly ex­plains Pune’s rel­a­tively larger share of pop­u­la­tion in the 25- 34 age groups. The eco­nomic ac­tiv­ity on the out­skirts of the city, par- tic­u­larly in the Pim­priChinch­wad re­gion, has a di­rect im­pact on the city of Pune.The size of the mu­nic­i­pal area is about 244 square kilo­me­ters as per Cen­sus 2001. Over the years, Pune has grown con­sid­er­ably to reach this size. In 1961, the Pune mu­nic­i­pal area was just over 138 square kilo­me­ters. Pune city has a pop­u­la­tion den­sity of 12, 000 per square kilo­me­ter as per the 20011 cen­sus. Land use: De­vel­op­ment of Pune as a city com­menced from 1818, with the city area be­ing just 5 sq. km. In 1987 (when the last De­vel­op­ment Plan was pre­pared), the area of Pune city was 138.38 sq.km.; with the ad­di­tion of ad­ja­cent vil­lages in 1997, the cur­rent area of PMC ju­ris­dic­tion is 243.96 sq km. The old De­vel­op­ment Plan was re­vised in 1987. For the newly added ar­eas, the PMC has pre­pared a sep­a­rate new De­vel­op­ment Plan.

Land use as per De­vel­op­ment Plan

The com­bined land use dis­tri­bu­tion as per both the De­vel­op­ment Plans in­di­cates al­lo­cated for res­i­den­tial use. The land use plan in­di­cates that about 13.04 per­cent of the area is al­lo­cated for trans­port, and 11.91 per cent is for re­served and for­est ar­eas. Den­sity of Slums: The den­sity in slums (per­son/sq.km.) is about six times that of the over­all den­sity pre­vail­ing in the rest of the city. The high­est den­sity is in the War­jeKar­ve­na­gar ward wherein the slum den­sity is 23,509 per­sons per hectare as com­pared to 97 in the non-slum area. This re­flects the amount of pres­sure on the in­fra­struc­ture ser­vices and the liv­ing con­di­tions of the slum dwellers. Such a high den­sity also in­di­cates high health and so­cial costs. It is also ob­served that 27 per­cent of the city’s pop­u­la­tion re­sides in de­clared slums and they oc­cupy only four per­cent of the to­tal city area. Hous­ing Sce­nario As per Cen­sus of In­dia 2001 The Old city ar­eas of Pune have hous­ing in the form of Wada’s as these are the ar­eas where set­tle­ments be­gan. These parts even to­day are mainly res­i­den­tial ar­eas in old city which now a day go­ing through a process of re­de­vel­op­ment. The city is a host to many renowned ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tutes and is grow­ing in im­por­tance as an IT hub. This has led to an in­crease in de­mand for hous­ing for all sec­tions of so­ci­ety. The de­mand by higher in­come group is nor­mally be­ing met by the pri­vate builders. As hous­ing for the lower in­come is not met suf­fi­ciently, slums have come up all over the city.

The prom­i­nent res­i­den­tial ar­eas in East Pune in­clude Kore­gaon Park, Hadap­sar, Kalyani Na­gar and Vi­man Na­gar. Kore­gaon Park is the most pop­u­lar up mar­ket res­i­den­tial area of Pune hav­ing ex­cel­lent in­fra­struc­ture of re­tail out­lets, ho­tels, etc. in the vicin­ity. This area boasts of some ex­cel­lent qual­ity con­struc­tions of apart­ments and row houses. Aundh to the west of Pune is mainly a new good emerg­ing res­i­den­tial area. At one time, Aundh was con­sid­ered the fastest grow­ing lo­cal­ity in the en­tire Asian con­ti­nent. Once a dense for­est, this area now com­prises of some ex­cel­lent hous­ing com­plexes with am­ple re­tail shops and the req­ui­site in­fra­struc­ture to ser­vice the area. Pashan is an­other res­i­den­tial area with schools, banks hos­pi­tals and some ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tutes.

Ta­ble 1. Pop­u­la­tion Trends: Cen­sus Year Pop­u­la­tion To­tal Decadal Change Growth Rate(%)

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