Flood Con­trol

Accommodation Times - - Editorial - - Mu­rari Chaturvedi mu­rari@ac­com­mo­da­tion­times.com

Mon­soon sea­son is also known as the flood sea­son in the coun­try. The coun­try is blessed with a net­work of rivers but it also brings the hor­ror of floods which dev­as­tate the vast ar­eas. Floods in In­dia cause loss of lives and public prop­erty and bring un­told mis­ery to the peo­ple es­pe­cially those in the ru­ral ar­eas. Over the years, sev­eral ex­pert com­mit­tees have stud­ies the prob­lems caused by floods and sug­gested var­i­ous mea­sures for their man­age­ment. How­ever de­spite the var­i­ous steps un­der­taken over the last five decades the trend of in­creas­ing dam­age and devastation brought by floods has posed a chal­lenge. The Na­tional Flood Com­mis­sion sub­mit­ted its com­pre­hen­sive re­port to the gov­ern­ment cov­er­ing the en­tire gamut of flood prob­lem in the coun­try. In fact a num­ber of gov­ern­ment or­ga­ni­za­tions are formed for flood con­trol but it seems there no proper co-or­di­na­tion between them. A num­ber of is­sues like ad­e­quate funds for flood con­trol, leg­is­la­tion, re­search and peo­ple’s in­volve­ment are very im­por­tant to ef­fec­tively mange floods. In the coun­try a two tier sys­tem of flood man­age­ment ex­ist namely, the state level mech­a­nism, which in­cludes the wa­ter re­sources de­part­ments’ state tech­ni­cal ad­vi­sory com­mit­tee and flood con­trol board. The sec­ond mech­a­nism is the cen­tral gov­ern­ment mech­a­nism un­der which the union gov­ern­ment has set up var­i­ous or­ga­ni­za­tions and ex­pert com­mit­tees to en­able the state gov­ern­ment to deal the flood prob­lem. The con­cept of flood plain zon­ing rec­og­nizes the ba­sic fact that de­mar­cated zones or ar­eas likely to be af­fected by floods of dif­fer­ent mang­ni­tude and prob­a­bil­ity lev­els and spec­ify the types of per­mis­si­ble de­vel­op­ments in th­ese zones so that when­ever floods ac­tu­ally oc­cur the dam­age can be min­i­mized. Un­for­tu­nately while all gen­er­ally en­dorse this ap­proach in prin­ci­ple scant at­ten­tion is given to it in ac­tual prac­tice. Di­ver­sion of flood wa­ters to the same basin down­stream of the flood prone area, where it could be stored for sub­se­quent re­lease. This mea­sure can be used to man­age unusual floods around cities as in the case of flood spill chan­nel near Shri­na­gar and in­case of Kr­ishna Go­davari drainage schemes. The need is to syn­chro­nize the work­ing of four re­gions for the effective man­age­ment of flood con­trol sys­tems and study of flood prob­lem. The four re­gions are Brahma­pu­tra Re­gion, Ganga Re­gion, North West Re­gion and Cen­tral In­dia and Dec­can re­gion. Em­bank­ments con­fine the flood flows and pre­vent spilling so th­ese must be built along the rivers in flood prone ar­eas. The hu­man life must be pro­tected above all. Per­son liv­ing in flood prone zones and near big rivers, must be warned of spread of floods in time and re­set­tle them in safer ar­eas.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.