Slum Re-devel­op­ment

Accommodation Times - - Editorial - Mu­rari Chaturvedi mu­rari@ac­com­mo­da­tion­

Slums are part of ur­ban en­vi­ron­ment all over the world. In In­dia a to­tal of 33,510 slums were es­ti­mated in the ur­ban ar­eas. The main cause of spread of slums is that peo­ple can’t af­ford to pur­chase reg­u­lar houses. This is di­rect re­sult of un­avail­abil­ity of rental ac­com­mo­da­tion, specif­i­cally in ur­ban cen­tres. The key in­di­ca­tors are based on the cen­tral sam­ple, sur­veyed by of­fi­cials Na­tional Sam­ple Sur­vey Of­fice (NSSO) con­sist­ing of 3832 ur­ban blocks spread over all states and union ter­ri­to­ries. Ma­ha­rash­tra, with an es­ti­mated 7723 slums ac­counted for about 23% of all slums in ur­ban In­dia, fol­lowed by Andhra Pradesh, ac­count­ing for 13.5 % and West Ben­gal, which had a share of about 12%. Out of an es­ti­mated 13,761 no­ti­fied slums in ur­ban In­dia, Andhra Pradesh had about 23%, Ma­ha­rash­tra about 14 %, Mad­hya Pradesh, West Ben­gal and Tamil Nadu about 9%. This shows that Andhra Pradesh has max­i­mum slum pop­u­la­tion sec­ond to it comes Ma­ha­rash­tra. Mum­bai tops the list in slum pop­u­la­tion where more than 55% live in slums. Spread of slums is di­rectly linked to the liveli­hood and in­come lev­els of peo­ple and also about the in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion in the city cen­tre. Ma­ha­rash­tra tops the list with a slum pop­u­la­tion of over 118 lakh flowed by Andhra Pradesh with 101lakhs. In Mum­bai many slums pock­ets in Cen­tral and South Mum­bai are having slum ten­e­ments air con­di­tioned, tele­vi­sion sets, and other ameni­ties be­cause the slum dwellers can af­ford them but not a proper ac­com­mo­da­tion in pucca R.C.C build­ings this means that the reg­u­lar hous­ing is out of their reach. And the cost of reg­u­lar houses is in­creas­ing day by day thus com­pelling peo­ples to live in slums in­creas­ingly. The much pub­li­cized SRA scheme is still to take mo­men­tum. The land laws and the var­i­ous for­mal­i­ties by the mu­nic­i­pal au­thor­i­ties are the great hin­drances in the re­de­vel­op­ment of slum pock­ets, which are be­ing re­de­vel­oped by pri­vate builders. It is high time the gov­ern­ment must take the lead in this mat­ter and clear all the hur­dles com­ing in the way of slums re­de­vel­op­ment. This is the only way to clear the slum pock­ets and de­velop new houses for the masses.

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