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Accommodation Times - - News -

“In­dia’s eco­nomic growth is ex­pected to pick up in the cur­rent fis­cal and will be “much bet­ter”

in 2015-16,”

- Arun Jait­ley, Union Fi­nance Min­is­ter

The Union Cabi­net, chaired by the Prime Min­is­ter Shri Naren­dra Modi, has ap­proved cer­tain amend­ments in the Right to Fair Com­pen­sa­tion and Trans­parency in Land Ac­qui­si­tion, Re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion and Re­set­tle­ment Act, 2013. The Act came into ef­fect from 01.01.2014 but it has been re­ported that many dif­fi­cul­ties are be­ing faced in its im­ple­men­ta­tion. In or­der to re­move them, cer­tain amend­ments have been made in the Act to fur­ther strengthen the pro­vi­sions to pro­tect the in­ter­ests of the ‘af­fected fam­i­lies’. In ad­di­tion, pro­ce­dural dif­fi­cul­ties in the ac­qui­si­tion of lands re­quired for im­por­tant na­tional projects re­quired to be mit­i­gated. States, Min­istries and stake­hold­ers had been re­port­ing many dif­fi­cul­ties in the im­ple­men­ta­tion of this Act. Sev­eral sug­ges­tions came up in in­ter­ac­tions with State Rev­enue Min­is­ters and key im­ple­ment­ing Min­istries. Pro­posed amend­ments meet the twin ob­jec­tives of farmer wel­fare; along with ex­pe­di­tiously meet­ing the strate­gic and de­vel­op­men­tal needs of the coun­try. Pro-farmer step: Ex­cluded Acts brought un­der RFCTLARR Act for Com­pen­sa­tion and R&R The ex­ist­ing Act vide Sec­tion 105 (read with Sched­ule IV) has kept 13 most fre­quently used Acts for Land Ac­qui­si­tion for the Cen­tral Gov­ern­ment Projects out of the purview. Th­ese acts are ap­pli­ca­ble for na­tional high­ways, metro rail, atomic en­ergy projects, elec­tric­ity re­lated other projects etc. Thus a large per­cent­age of famers and af­fected fam­i­lies were de­nied the com­pen­sa­tion and R&R mea­sures pre­scribed un­der the Act. The present amend­ments bring all those ex­empted 13 Acts un­der the purview of this Act for the pur­pose of com­pen­sa­tion as well as re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion and re­set­tle­ment. There­fore, the amend­ment benefits the farm­ers and the af­fected fam­i­lies. Pro-devel­op­ment: Faster pro­cess­ing with­out com­pro­mis­ing on com­pen­sa­tion or R&R mea­sures to farm­ers The sec­ond im­por­tant as­pect of the amend­ment is to make de­vel­op­men­tal and se­cu­rity re­lated works much faster with­out com­pro­mis­ing on the benefits/ com­pen­sa­tion to be given to the farm­ers. In the process of pro­longed pro­ce­dure for land ac­qui­si­tion, nei­ther the farmer is able to get ben­e­fit nor is the project com­pleted in time for the ben­e­fit of so­ci­ety at large. There­fore the present changes al­low a fast track process for de­fence and de­fence pro­duc­tion, ru­ral in­fra­struc­ture in­clud­ing elec­tri­fi­ca­tion, hous­ing for poor in­clud­ing af­ford­able hous­ing, industrial cor­ri­dors and in­fra­struc­ture projects in­clud­ing projects taken up un­der Public Pri­vate Part­ner­ship mode where own­er­ship of the land con­tin­ues to be vested with the gov­ern­ment. Th­ese projects are es­sen­tial for bring­ing in bet­ter eco­nomic op­por­tu­ni­ties for the peo­ple living in th­ese ar­eas and would also help in im­prov­ing qual­ity of life.

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