What do you know about IAS, IPS, IFS & IRS?

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Dear stu­dents, In­dian Civil Ser­vices are one of the most hon­ourable ser­vices in In­dia. It would be great if they too find a place in the list of “am­bi­tions in your life”. Let’s take a glance at the Civil Ser­vices in In­dia.

In­dian Civil Ser­vices

The Civil Ser­vices of the Gov­ern­ment of In­dia in­clude the im­por­tant ones like In­dian Ad­min­is­tra­tive Ser­vice (IAS), In­dian Po­lice Ser­vice (IPS), In­dian For­est Ser­vice (IFS), and In­dian Rev­enue Ser­vice (IRS).

Who con­ducts the exam?

Union Pub­lic Ser­vice Com­mis­sion (UPSC) con­ducts na­tion­wide ex­am­i­na­tion for re­cruit­ment to Civil Ser­vices.

Modes of Exam:

The exam is con­ducted in three stages:(1) The Pre­lim­i­nary Ex­am­i­na­tion- This is a qual­i­fy­ing test and con­sists of two ob­jec­tive type pa­pers (Gen­eral Stud­ies and Ap­ti­tude Test).

* Pa­per I: This tests the can­di­date's knowl­edge on cur­rent events, his­tory of In­dia and In­dian Na­tional Move­ment, In­dian and World Ge­og­ra­phy, In­dian Polity and gov­er­nance, eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment, en­vi­ron­men­tal ecol­ogy, bio­di­ver­sity, cli­mate change and gen­eral sci­ence.

* Pa­per II: This tests the can­di­dates' skills in com­pre­hen­sion, in­ter­per­sonal skills, com­mu­ni­ca­tion, log­i­cal rea­son­ing, an­a­lyt­i­cal abil­ity, decision mak­ing, prob­lem solv­ing, ba­sic nu­mer­acy, data in­ter­pre­ta­tion, English lan­guage com­pre­hen­sion skills and men­tal abil­ity. Can­di­dates who fail th­ese pa­pers are not el­i­gi­ble for the Mains.

(2) The Main Ex­am­i­na­tion- This writ­ten ex­am­i­na­tion con­sists of nine pa­pers, two qual­i­fy­ing and seven rank­ing in na­ture. (3) Per­son­al­ity Test (In­ter­view). The ob­ject of the in­ter­view is to as­sess the per­sonal suit­abil­ity of the can­di­date for a ca­reer in pub­lic ser­vice by a board of com­pe­tent and un­bi­ased ob­servers. The test is in­tended to eval­u­ate the men­tal cal­iber of the can­di­date, so­cial traits and in­ter­est in cur­rent af­fairs.

El­i­gi­bil­ity and Age Limit

The aspi­rant of civil ser­vice must have a rec­og­nized grad­u­a­tion de­gree in any dis­ci­pline. The age limit is 21 to 30 years and this is sub­ject to re­lax­ation to re­served cat­e­gory can­di­dates. Gen­er­ally, a can­di­date can make 6 at­tempts to the Civil Ser­vices.


The of­fi­cers of All In­dia Ser­vices are or­ga­nized into Cadres. A Civil Ser­vant be­gins his ca­reer in the state with 2 years in pro­ba­tion. This pe­riod is spent at train­ing schools, Sec­re­tariat, field of­fices or in a Dis­trict Mag­is­trate’s of­fice.

IAS Of­fi­cers are trained to han­dle Gov­ern­ment af­fairs. The pol­icy mat­ters are framed, mod­i­fied, in­ter­preted in this of­fice un­der the di­rect su­per­vi­sion of the Ad­min­is­tra­tive Of­fi­cer in con­sul­ta­tion with the Min­is­ter. The Civil ser­vant also has to rep­re­sent the Gov­ern­ment in another coun­try or in In­ter­na­tional fo­rums. The IFS was cre­ated in 1966 for pro­tec­tion, con­ser­va­tion and re­gen­er­a­tion of for­est re­sources. In­dia was one of the first coun­tries in the world to in­tro­duce sci­en­tific for­est man­age­ment. The In­dian Po­lice Ser­vice is re­spon­si­ble for in­ter­nal se­cu­rity, pub­lic safety and law and or­der. IRS is a cen­tral ser­vice and the work is mostly in the Cen­tral Gov­ern­ment.

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