Na­tional Sym­bols of IN­DIA

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Na­tional sym­bols of In­dia have been se­lected care­fully to project the im­age of In­dia at its best. They are cho­sen to re­flect its cul­ture and be­liefs and also the pos­i­tive at­tributes of­ten as­so­ci­ated with In­dian blood.

Na­tional Flag - Ti­ranga - Tri­color

The Na­tional flag of In­dia

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Au­gust 2014 has three equal hor­i­zon­tal bands - the top panel is In­dian saf­fron (Ke­sar), the bot­tom panel is In­dia green and white mid­dle band bear­ing at its cen­tre the de­sign of Ashoka Chakra in navy blue colour with 24 equally spaced spokes. It was adopted by the Con­stituent Assem­bly on 22 July 1947, when it be­came the of­fi­cial flag of the Do­min­ion of In­dia. The flag was sub­se­quently re­tained as that of the Repub­lic of In­dia. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the In­dian Na­tional Congress de­signed by Pin­gali Venkayya.

Na­tional Em­blem -Lion Cap­i­tal of Asoka

It was adopted as the Na­tional Em­blem of In­dia on 26 Jan­uary 1950, the day that In­dia be­came a repub­lic. The Em­blem also in­cludes the motto of In­dia - "Satyameva Jay­ate" in De­vana­gari Script, which means "Truth Alone Tri­umphs".

Na­tional Cal­en­dar -Saka cal­en­dar

The cal­en­dar was in­tro­duced by the

Cal­en­dar Re­form Com­mit­tee in 1957, as part of the In­dian Ephe­meris and Nau­ti­cal Al­manac, which also con­tained other astro­nom­i­cal data, as well as tim­ings and for­mu­lae for pre­par­ing Hindu re­li­gious cal­en­dars, in an at­tempt to har­monise this prac­tice.

Na­tional An­them -Jana Gana Mana

Rabindranath Tagore, the fa­mous Noble lau­re­ate and In­dian poet penned the five stan­zas of the song ti­tled 'Jana-gana-mana'. It was first sung in the ses­sion of In­dian Na­tional Congress in the yet-not-free In­dia in Cal­cutta on 27th De­cem­ber 1911. "Jana Gana Mana" was of­fi­cially adopted by the Con­stituent Assem­bly as the In­dian Na­tional An­them on 24 Jan­uary 1950.

Na­tional Song- Vande Mataram

Bankim Chan­dra Chater­jee penned 'Vande Mataram' for his Ben­gali novel 'Anand Math'. The song charged with pa­tri­otic fer­vor and full of praises for the moth­er­land was an in­stant fa­vorite among the free­dom fight­ers of the day. Later, it was trans­lated into English by Shree Auribindo Ghosh to con­form to its uni­ver­sal­ity and even­tu­ally, the first stanza of the song be­came the Na­tional Song of In­dia. The song was a source of in­spi­ra­tion for many pa­tri­ots and owes as much re­spect by the In­di­ans as the Na­tional An­them - 'Jana Gana Man'. It was first sung in the 1896 ses­sion of the In­dian Na­tional Congress.

Na­tional Flower -Lo­tus

Lo­tus or Nelumbo Nucifera as it is also called is the Na­tional Flower of In­dia. It is a sa­cred flower and oc­cu­pies a unique po­si­tion in the art and mythol­ogy of an­cient In­dia and an aus­pi­cious sym­bol of In­dian cul­ture.

Na­tional Bird- The Pea­cock

The In­dian Pea fowl is the Na­tional Bird of In­dia. It is a pro­tected bird. In the Hindu re­li­gion, the pea fowl is a sa­cred bird be­cause the spots on the tail sym­bol­ize the eyes of the Gods.

Na­tional Fruit -Mango

Mango, cul­ti­vated in In­dia since times im­memo­rial, is re­garded as the Na­tional Fruit of In­dia

Na­tional RiverGanga

River - Ganga is the long­est river of In­dia with the most heav­ily pop­u­lated river basin in the world. The river is revered by Hin­dus as the most sa­cred river on earth.

Na­tional Tree- In­dian Banyan or In­dian fig tree

The branches of In­dian Banyan tree root them­selves to form new trees and grow over large ar­eas. Be­cause of this char­ac­ter­is­tic and its longevity, this tree is con­sid­ered im­mor­tal and is an in­te­gral part of the myths and leg­ends of In­dia.

Na­tional An­i­mal - Royal Ben­gal Tiger

The Ben­gal tiger can be found through­out the coun­try ex­cept in the north­west­ern re­gion.

Na­tional Aquatic An­i­mal -Gangetic Dol­phin

Gangetic Dol­phin is said to rep­re­sent the pu­rity of the holy Ganga River as it can only sur­vive in pure and fresh wa­ter.

Na­tional Po­ets

The au­thors of In­dian Na­tional An­them Rabindranath Tagore and In­dian Na­tional Song - Bankim Chan­dra Chat­topad­hyay

Na­tional Cur­rency Sym­bol

The sym­bol of In­dian Ru­pee sig­ni­fies In­dia's in­ter­na­tional iden­tity for money trans­ac­tions and eco­nomic strength. The sym­bol is an amal­gam of De­vana­gri (Ra) and the Ro­man Cap­i­tal R with two par­al­lel hor­i­zon­tal stripes run­ning at the top rep­re­sent­ing the na­tional flag and also the "equal to" sign. The In­dian Ru­pee sign was adopted by the Gov­ern­ment of In­dia on 15 July 2010. The sym­bol, con­cep­tu­alised and de­signed by Udaya Kumar, a post grad­u­ate in De­sign from In­dian In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy, Bom­bay

Na­tional Game - Field Hockey

The Min­istry of Youth Af­fairs & Sports of In­dia clar­i­fied that, of­fi­cially, the coun­try does not have a na­tional game; no game, in­clud­ing hockey, has been no­ti­fied as such. How­ever, many sources, men­tion field hockey as a "Na­tional Game". In­dia has won eight Olympic gold medals for field hockey. In­dian field hockey's golden pe­riod was from 1928–56, when the In­dian field hockey team won six suc­ces­sive Olympic gold medals.

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