The pow­er­ful Hud­hud cy­clone made land­fall in north­ern Andhra Pradesh on 12th Oc­to­ber 2014. The In­dia Me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal De­part­ment, un­der Min­istry of Earth Sci­ence, had au­thor­i­ta­tively pre­dicted the ad­vance­ment of the cy­clone on 6th Oc­to­ber. Not only this, IMD’S es­ti­mates of the speed, di­rec­tion and the time of the cy­clone were al­most ac­cu­rate. This gave the au­thor­i­ties a week’s time to evac­u­ate thou­sands of res­i­dents from the coastal ar­eas to higher ground and to cre­ate res­cue shel­ters for the evac­uees. Thus, thou­sands of lives were saved.

Sim­i­larly, var­i­ous de­part­ments and in­sti­tu­tions of the Min­istry of Earth Sci­ence (MOES) main­tain pro­grammes and ac­tiv­i­ties which have a wide va­ri­ety of ap­pli­ca­tions of im­me­di­ate rel­e­vance to the qual­ity of life of the com­mon peo­ple. The Min­istry also deals with sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy for ex­plo­ration and ex­ploita­tion of ocean re­sources (liv­ing and non-liv­ing), and plays a nodal role in Antarc­tic/arc­tic and South­ern In­dian Ocean re­search.

The Min­istry of Earth Sci­ences was es­tab­lished in the year 2006, by bring­ing all the agen­cies deal­ing with me­te­o­ro­log­i­cal and ocean de­vel­op­ment ac­tiv­i­ties un­der one um­brella. The sole pur­pose of the move was to ad­dress var­i­ous as­pects re­lated to earth sys­tem pro­cesses for im­prov­ing fore­cast of the weather, cli­mate

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