FORECASTING THE FUTURE
The powerful Hudhud cyclone made landfall in northern Andhra Pradesh on 12th October 2014. The India Meteorological Department, under Ministry of Earth Science, had authoritatively predicted the advancement of the cyclone on 6th October. Not only this, IMD’S estimates of the speed, direction and the time of the cyclone were almost accurate. This gave the authorities a week’s time to evacuate thousands of residents from the coastal areas to higher ground and to create rescue shelters for the evacuees. Thus, thousands of lives were saved.
Similarly, various departments and institutions of the Ministry of Earth Science (MOES) maintain programmes and activities which have a wide variety of applications of immediate relevance to the quality of life of the common people. The Ministry also deals with science and technology for exploration and exploitation of ocean resources (living and non-living), and plays a nodal role in Antarctic/arctic and Southern Indian Ocean research.
The Ministry of Earth Sciences was established in the year 2006, by bringing all the agencies dealing with meteorological and ocean development activities under one umbrella. The sole purpose of the move was to address various aspects related to earth system processes for improving forecast of the weather, climate