AN AR­CHI­TEC­TURAL WON­DER OF IN­DIA

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(Ma­hameghava­han) Kings. Ex­ca­va­tions here re­vealed that this Fort had a well de­vel­oped civil and mil­i­tary ar­chi­tec­ture, all through the be­gin­ning of the 3rd cen­tury BC to the mid­dle of the 4th cen­tury AD.

The ar­chae­o­log­i­cal re­mains at Dhauli, and hills of Udaya­giri and Khanda­giri give ev­i­dence of both Jain and Bud­dhist set­tle­ments around Bhubaneswar in the first two cen­turies BC. The wan­ing of Bud­dhism and van­ish­ing of Jain­ism with the growth of Saiva Pa­su­pata Sect in the sec­ond cen­tury BC saw Brah­man­ism as the dom­i­nant re­li­gion un­der the suc­ces­sive dy­nas­ties that ruled Odisha (Orissa)—the Shailodb­hava and the Bhau­makaras in the 12-13th cen­turies. The tem­ple build­ing reached the zenith of its glory be­tween 7th and 12th cen­turies when thou­sands of sand­stone tem­ples were erected around the Bindu Sa­gar, earn­ing it the ti­tle ‘The city of Tem­ples’. The pe­riod un­der the Ganges saw emer­gence of Vaish­nav­ism to promi­nence.

Other than its en­vi­able his­tory, the city now has var­i­ous ed­u­ca­tional in­sti­tutes, shop­ping ar­cades and other use­ful ameni­ties to cater to your day to day re­quire­ment. The city is vis­ited through­out the year; how­ever, the best time to visit Bhubaneswar is from Oc­to­ber to March as the weather is the most favourable dur­ing that time.

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