AAI INAUGURATES NEW INTEGRATED TERMINAL BUILDING AT VADODARA
Vadodara, formerly known as Baroda, is the third largest and most populated city in the Indian State of Gujarat, with a population of over 1 million after Ahmadabad and Surat. Situated on the banks of the Vishwamitri, a river whose name is derived from the great saint Rishi Vishwamitra, the city is located southeast of Ahmedabad, 139 km from the state capital, Gandhinagar. The name Vadodara is derived from the old Banyan trees found largely in the city. Recently, Vadodara has been selected to be developed as a ‘Smart City’ by the Central Government. The city was once called ‘Chandanavati’ after its ruler Raja Chandan of Dor tribe of Rajputs, who wrested it from the Jains. The capital had also another name ‘Virakshetra’ or ‘Virawati’ (a land of warriors). Later on, it was known as ‘Vadpatraka’ or ‘Vadodara’, which according to tradition is a corrupt form of the Sanskrit word ‘Vatodar’ meaning, ‘in the heart of the banyan tree’. It is now almost impossible to ascertain when the various changes in the name were made; but early English travellers and merchants mention the town as ‘Brodera’, and it is from this that the name ‘Baroda’ is derived. Again in 1974 the name changed to ‘Vadodara’. Historical and archaeological findings date this place back to the 9th century when it was a small town called Ankottaka (present Akota) located on the right bank of the river Vishvamitri. Ankottaka was a famous centre of Jainism in the 5th and 6th century AD. Some of the Akota bronze images can be seen in the Vadodara Museum.
During the days of the British Raj, Baroda state was a Maratha Princely state ruled by the Royal Gaikwad Dynasty, entitled to 21 Gun Salutes, and was one of the largest and richest Indian Princely States. Since the era of Royal Gaekwad family, Vadodara has been a hub of Arts, Literature and Architecture, hence it has been bestowed the title of ‘Kala Nagari’. It is also known as the ‘Sayaji Nagari’ or ‘Sayaji’s