CLI­MATE CHANGE im­pacts hu­man health

Airports India - - NEWS -

Over the last 50 years, the global cli­mate is chang­ing as the earth be­comes warmer. Hu­man ac­tiv­i­ties have re­leased suf­fi­cient quan­ti­ties of car­bon diox­ide and green house gases to af­fect global cli­mate.

The coun­try is ex­pe­ri­enc­ing the sig­nif­i­cant im­pacts of cli­mate change in the form of chang­ing weather pat­tern, ris­ing sea level and more ex­treme weather events, such as Kashmir floods (2014), Ut­tarak­hand flash floods (2013), Tsunami (2004) are some vivid ex­am­ples. Glob­ally, an es­ti­mated 12.6 mil­lion deaths are caused by avoid­able en­vi­ron­men­tal risk fac­tors ev­ery year.

JP Nadda, Union Min­is­ter of Health and Fam­ily Wel­fare and Chair­man of the In­dian Red Cross So­ci­ety re­cently flagged off re­lief ma­te­rial to the flood af­fected fam­i­lies in As­sam, Ma­nipur and Gu­jarat.

“We have re­leased the first batch of re­lief ma­te­rial worth around Rs 3.15 crore con­tain­ing medicines, mos­quito nets, clothes, etc, and will soon send the sec­ond batch as well. We will make sure that there is ad­e­quate sup­ply of re­lief ma­te­rial and who­ever needs it is reached”, Nadda had said while flag­ging off the re­lief ma­te­rial.

Nadda fur­ther said that the Red Cross units of As­sam, Ma­nipur and Gu­jarat

through their vol­un­teers have also ini­ti­ated im­me­di­ate re­sponse by pro­vid­ing re­lief sup­plies to the af­fected com­mu­ni­ties from their ex­ist­ing stocks.

The Union Health Min­is­ter also ex­pressed his con­do­lences with be­reaved fam­i­lies of the land­slide re­lated ac­ci­dent in Hi­machal Pradesh and ex­pressed grat­i­tude to the Prime Min­is­ter for send­ing a team of Na­tional Dis­as­ter Re­sponse Force (NDRF) to the af­fected site.

To pre­vent such mishaps in fu­ture JP Nadda re­quested to Nitin­gad­kari, Union Min­is­ter for Road Trans­port and High­ways and Ship­ping, to take nec­es­sary steps for avert­ing such ac­ci­dents. Ac­cord­ingly mea­sures like soil sta­bil­i­sa­tion, land pro­tec­tion wall and zeo static and slope sta­bil­i­sa­tion would be in­cor­po­rated in the de­tailed project re­ports (DPRS) of the ma­jor road projects un­der­taken by the Na­tional High­ways Au­thor­ity of In­dia (NHAI).

IM­PACT OF CLI­MATE CHANGE ON HU­MAN HEALTH

Cli­mate change can af­fect hu­man health in a num­ber of ways, for in­stance by chang­ing the sever­ity and fre­quency of health prob­lems al­ready ex­ist­ing in that area, creat­ing unan­tic­i­pated health prob­lems in places where they have not pre­vi­ously oc­curred, dis­turb­ing food­pro­duc­ing ecosys­tem and in­creas­ing the fre­quency of ex­treme weather events.

Cer­tain groups in the com­mu­nity are more sus­cep­ti­ble to cli­mate change be­cause of their age mainly chil­dren and el­derly, gen­der (preg­nant women), so­cial struc­ture (indige­nous pop­u­la­tion, poverty, mi­gra­tion) or health con­di­tions.

Many in­fec­tious dis­eases, in­clud­ing wa­ter-borne, vec­tor-borne dis­eases are sen­si­tive to cli­mate and show sea­sonal vari­a­tion. Diar­rheal dis­eases are more com­mon dur­ing rainy sea­son. Both drought and floods are risk fac­tor for wa­ter-borne dis­eases (cholera, and var­i­ous di­ar­rhoeal dis­eases).

Cli­mate change en­hances the trans­mis­sion sea­son and ex­pands the ge­o­graph­i­cal dis­tri­bu­tion of vec­tor-borne dis­eases such as dengue and malaria as warmer tem­per­a­ture and hu­mid­ity favours the breed­ing of in­sect vec­tors.

Cli­mate change brings new and emerg­ing health is­sues such as heat waves, cold spells and other ex­treme weather events. Heat stress poses threat to life as it in­creases the risk of car­dio­vas­cu­lar, res­pi­ra­tory and re­nal dis­eases. Pollen and other aeroal­ler­gen lev­els are also high in ex­treme heat which can trig­ger asthma.

An in­crease in fre­quency of ex­treme events such as storms, floods, droughts, and cy­clone di­rectly af­fects the hu­man health in terms of loss of life and in­jury and af­fects in­di­rectly through loss of houses; pop­u­la­tion dis­place­ment; con­tam­i­na­tion of wa­ter sup­plies; loss of food pro­duc­tion; in­creased risk of epi­demics of in­fec­tious dis­eases and dam­age to in­fra­struc­ture for pro­vi­sion of health ser­vices.

PRO­TECT­ING HEALTH FROM CLI­MATE CHANGE

Cli­mate change is a global chal­lenge that needs the ac­tion from all peo­ple. In late 2015, to ad­dress cli­mate change, more than 190 coun­tries ap­proved Paris Agree­ment at the 21st ses­sion of the Con­fer­ence of the Par­ties (COP21) to the United Na­tions Frame­work Con­ven­tion on Cli­mate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris. In the agree­ment, all coun­tries agreed to work to limit global tem­per­a­ture rise to well be­low 2 de­grees Cel­sius and to make best ef­forts to keep it to 1.5 de­grees, for the achieve­ment of the Sus­tain­able De­vel­op­ment Goals.

In­dia laid strong foun­da­tions for greater global co­op­er­a­tion on cli­mate ac­tion through its pledge for Paris Agree­ment. In­dia will cut its emis­sions in­ten­sity by 33-35 per cent of 2005 lev­els by 2030. Pro­mo­tion of re­new­able en­ergy by In­dian gov­ern­ment is a strong com­mit­ment to­wards cli­mate change.

There’s a lot that peo­ple can also do to pre­vent cli­mate change in their daily life, in­clud­ing use of cli­mate friendly trans­porta­tion, save en­ergy, go so­lar, har­vest rain wa­ter, re­duce waste and pro­mote ur­ban green spa­ces, and fol­low­ing many dif­fer­ent ways to pre­vent cli­mate change. Peo­ple have a much bet­ter fu­ture in store for them if they act quickly and make sig­nif­i­cant changes in their life­style.

The Union Min­is­ter for Health & Fam­ily Wel­fare and Chair­man of the In­dian Red Cross So­ci­ety JP Nadda flag­ging off the re­lief ma­te­rial to flood af­fected fam­i­lies in As­sam, Ma­nipur and Gu­jarat, in New Delhi

In­dia laid strong foun­da­tions for greater global co­op­er­a­tion on cli­mate ac­tion through its pledge for Paris Agree­ment. In­dia will cut its emis­sions in­ten­sity by 33-35 per cent of 2005 lev­els by 2030. Pro­mo­tion of re­new­able en­ergy by the gov­ern­ment is a strong com­mit­ment to­wards cli­mate change

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