AIR­PORTS OF IN­DIA

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Airports India - - CONTENTS -

Ne­taji Sub­has Chan­dra Bose In­ter­na­tional Air­port (NSCBI Air­port) in Kolkata, was orig­i­nally known as Dum Dum Air­port, be­fore be­ing re­named to hon­our the great free­dom fighter Sub­has Chan­dra Bose, in 1995. Spread across an area of 1641.34 acres of land, the air­port is the gate­way to East­ern and North­east In­dia, with an an­nual ca­pac­ity of han­dling 20 mil­lion pas­sen­gers.

HIS­TORY

Sim­i­lar to most air­ports in In­dia which served as ma­jor airstrips for fighter planes dur­ing the Sec­ond World War, pas­sen­ger ser­vices in Kolkata has also wit­nessed an ex­po­nen­tial growth over time. Kolkata Air­port be­came a des­ti­na­tion for the world’s first jet-pow­ered pas­sen­ger air­craft, the de Hav­il­land Comet, on a Bri­tish Over­seas Air­ways Cor­po­ra­tion (BOAC) route to Lon­don. Fur­ther­more, in 1964, the erst­while In­dian Air­lines in­tro­duced the first In­dian do­mes­tic jet ser­vice, us­ing Car­avelle jets on the Cal­cutta–delhi route. In 1975, the air­port opened the first ded­i­cated cargo ter­mi­nal in In­dia. Since then, the air­port has wit­nessed ex­po­nen­tial growth in pas­sen­ger as well as cargo move­ment and has be­come a ma­jor tourist des­ti­na­tion that has opened gate­ways to East­ern and North­east In­dia.

TER­MI­NAL BUILD­ING

The in­te­grated ter­mi­nal build­ing of NSCBI Air­port is an ex­cel­lent glass-steel struc­ture equipped with mod­ern world­class fa­cil­i­ties hav­ing a floor car­pet area of more than 2,30,000 Sq. m. The con­cept of the land­scape and the un­der roof­ing de­signs of the air­port ter­mi­nal build­ing are rooted in the rich cul­tural her­itage of West Ben­gal.

The struc­tural de­sign is con­ceived as one of the big­gest pieces of land art, in­spired by the works of lau­re­ate Gu­rudev Rabindranath Tagore. The land art con­nects the build­ing with its en­vi­ron­ment, the ex­te­rior with the in­te­rior, to create a unique land­scape. It also of­fers two dis­tinct spa­tial ex­pe­ri­ences – the vast­ness of the grand cen­tral gar­den and the in­ti­macy of the in­ter­nal court­yards. The grand cen­tral gar­den is a can­vas in­spired by the paint­ings and po­ems of Tagore, guided by let­ters and words ex­tracted from his No­bel-win­ning work ‘Gi­tan­jali’.

The wide V-shaped struc­ture of the in­te­grated ter­mi­nal build­ing has two-tier flight op­er­a­tions for arrivals and de­par­tures. The en­tire ter­mi­nal build­ing has six-level op­er­a­tions fa­cil­i­tat­ing sev­eral do­mes­tic and in­ter­na­tional du­ties.

PAS­SEN­GER TRAF­FIC AND CON­NEC­TIV­ITY

Kolkata Air­port is the fifth busiest air­port in the coun­try af­ter Mum­bai, Delhi, Chennai and Ban­ga­lore. NSCBI Air­port di­rectly con­nects Kolkata to al­most all

City-side area, NSCBI Air­port, Kolkata

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