AIRPORTS OF INDIA
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Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (NSCBI Airport) in Kolkata, was originally known as Dum Dum Airport, before being renamed to honour the great freedom fighter Subhas Chandra Bose, in 1995. Spread across an area of 1641.34 acres of land, the airport is the gateway to Eastern and Northeast India, with an annual capacity of handling 20 million passengers.
Similar to most airports in India which served as major airstrips for fighter planes during the Second World War, passenger services in Kolkata has also witnessed an exponential growth over time. Kolkata Airport became a destination for the world’s first jet-powered passenger aircraft, the de Havilland Comet, on a British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) route to London. Furthermore, in 1964, the erstwhile Indian Airlines introduced the first Indian domestic jet service, using Caravelle jets on the Calcutta–delhi route. In 1975, the airport opened the first dedicated cargo terminal in India. Since then, the airport has witnessed exponential growth in passenger as well as cargo movement and has become a major tourist destination that has opened gateways to Eastern and Northeast India.
The integrated terminal building of NSCBI Airport is an excellent glass-steel structure equipped with modern worldclass facilities having a floor carpet area of more than 2,30,000 Sq. m. The concept of the landscape and the under roofing designs of the airport terminal building are rooted in the rich cultural heritage of West Bengal.
The structural design is conceived as one of the biggest pieces of land art, inspired by the works of laureate Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. The land art connects the building with its environment, the exterior with the interior, to create a unique landscape. It also offers two distinct spatial experiences – the vastness of the grand central garden and the intimacy of the internal courtyards. The grand central garden is a canvas inspired by the paintings and poems of Tagore, guided by letters and words extracted from his Nobel-winning work ‘Gitanjali’.
The wide V-shaped structure of the integrated terminal building has two-tier flight operations for arrivals and departures. The entire terminal building has six-level operations facilitating several domestic and international duties.
PASSENGER TRAFFIC AND CONNECTIVITY
Kolkata Airport is the fifth busiest airport in the country after Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai and Bangalore. NSCBI Airport directly connects Kolkata to almost all
City-side area, NSCBI Airport, Kolkata