The BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) came down as a brick on the India-China standoff at Doklam, the trijunction of India, Bhutan and China on the issue of Chinese extending their road into Bhutan territory. During the 3 months confrontation, Indian and Chinese soldiers stood menacingly facing each other with the 'war' limiting to fisticuffs and throwing stones. Meanwhile, war-mongers on both sides continued instigating their governments to teach one another a lesson by going to a full-scale war.
It was necessary both for India and China to end the standoff at Doklam before the BRICS Summit. How the two major members of the Organisation could face each other with quarrelling on a minor problem of a few square kilometres of land, when they are supposed to the champions of peace? Therefore, they decided to end the confrontation by withdrawing; Indian troops first from the area. It was resolved by withdrawing troops and mutual trust to maintain the status quo in Doklam. In future, any developments by China in Doklam will certainly be counted as a breach of the trust.
All this mess could have been avoided if the higher-ups of both India and China had acted earlier. But lower rung leaders handled the issue. The Indian Army crossed to Bhutan and prevented the Chinese to extend their road at Doklam on the plea that a Chinese military concentration there would be a threat to the narrow strip of Siliguri which connects mainland India to its northeastern part. The confrontation created tension to ignite patriotic sentiments and voice provocative verbosity. The Chinese minions reminded India of 1962 when India was trounced in the war. Indian side retaliated by saying 2017 is not 1962 and we were fully prepared to meet the enemy.
The great scientist and father of the atom bomb, Albert Einstein was asked how World War III would be fought. He said he was not sure how WW III would be fought but "the world war after the next will be fought with stones".
One is reminded of Einstein's words when Indian and Chinese soldiers limiting their war to fisticuffs and throwing stones at one another. The fully armed soldiers with loaded rifles slung on their shoulders did not shoot a single bullet on the Line of Actual Control (LAC), whereas Indian and Pak soldiers shoot at each other and kill on the LOC!
It shows India and China are good neighbours and there are no insoluble problems between them to resort to another war. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President XI Jinping know this very well.