The Problem of Unemployment
It is true that unemployment and underemployment are the two crucial problems that our country faces now as revealed in the article (Feb.). Before the formation of governments, the political parties give a large number of promises to the people through manifesto which mainly include providing employment opportunities if they are voted to power. Finding the UPA government’s failure to provide employment to the youths according to their promise the people elected BJP led NDA government in the last election hoping that they would keep the avowed policy which was creation of one crore employment every year.
Even after three years in office they too failed to achieve the goal whereas they little has been done. Reason for the low number of employment opportunities is estimated to be the volatile policy followed by the government in both primary and secondary sectors of economy as these are the major providers to large number of population.
The primary sector consists of agriculture. India’s rural population depends almost fully on cultivation of food crops using traditional methods. Besides food crops, they are engaged in the production of other items such as cotton, tea, coconut, rubber etc. Because of competition from other countries and the downfall of proper price for the commodities the farmers find it difficult to maintain production in a profitable way which ultimately results in debt and gradually they are forced to discontinue. The government’s inadequate and untimely compensation to those who suffer from loss also stand in the way of production. Often debt-ridden farmers put land barren due to poverty.
The secondary sector of economy is industries. Absence of clear cut policy in this sector, employment opportunities are not increased as expected. Most of the industries in public sector do not fill up the vacancies in large numbers and left them unfilled while job seekers remain unemployed.
Private sector industries on the other hand provide employment to less number than what they require actually and force the employees for overtime work for maximum profit. In a way these activities result in underemployment also. In order to find solution for the existing problem of unemployment of a large population and underemployment, the government should adopt a viable policy with correct planning.
— V. Viswanathan Nambiar