The Prob­lem of Un­em­ploy­ment

Alive - - Letters -

It is true that un­em­ploy­ment and un­der­em­ploy­ment are the two cru­cial prob­lems that our coun­try faces now as re­vealed in the ar­ti­cle (Feb.). Be­fore the for­ma­tion of gov­ern­ments, the po­lit­i­cal par­ties give a large num­ber of prom­ises to the peo­ple through man­i­festo which mainly in­clude pro­vid­ing em­ploy­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties if they are voted to power. Find­ing the UPA govern­ment’s fail­ure to pro­vide em­ploy­ment to the youths ac­cord­ing to their prom­ise the peo­ple elected BJP led NDA govern­ment in the last elec­tion hop­ing that they would keep the avowed pol­icy which was cre­ation of one crore em­ploy­ment ev­ery year.

Even af­ter three years in of­fice they too failed to achieve the goal whereas they lit­tle has been done. Rea­son for the low num­ber of em­ploy­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties is es­ti­mated to be the volatile pol­icy fol­lowed by the govern­ment in both pri­mary and sec­ondary sec­tors of econ­omy as these are the ma­jor providers to large num­ber of pop­u­la­tion.

The pri­mary sec­tor con­sists of agri­cul­ture. In­dia’s ru­ral pop­u­la­tion de­pends al­most fully on cul­ti­va­tion of food crops us­ing tra­di­tional meth­ods. Be­sides food crops, they are en­gaged in the pro­duc­tion of other items such as cot­ton, tea, co­conut, rub­ber etc. Be­cause of com­pe­ti­tion from other coun­tries and the down­fall of proper price for the com­modi­ties the farm­ers find it dif­fi­cult to main­tain pro­duc­tion in a prof­itable way which ul­ti­mately re­sults in debt and grad­u­ally they are forced to dis­con­tinue. The govern­ment’s in­ad­e­quate and un­timely com­pen­sa­tion to those who suf­fer from loss also stand in the way of pro­duc­tion. Of­ten debt-rid­den farm­ers put land bar­ren due to poverty.

The sec­ondary sec­tor of econ­omy is in­dus­tries. Ab­sence of clear cut pol­icy in this sec­tor, em­ploy­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties are not in­creased as ex­pected. Most of the in­dus­tries in pub­lic sec­tor do not fill up the va­can­cies in large num­bers and left them un­filled while job seek­ers re­main un­em­ployed.

Pri­vate sec­tor in­dus­tries on the other hand pro­vide em­ploy­ment to less num­ber than what they re­quire ac­tu­ally and force the em­ploy­ees for over­time work for max­i­mum profit. In a way these ac­tiv­i­ties re­sult in un­der­em­ploy­ment also. In or­der to find so­lu­tion for the ex­ist­ing prob­lem of un­em­ploy­ment of a large pop­u­la­tion and un­der­em­ploy­ment, the govern­ment should adopt a vi­able pol­icy with cor­rect plan­ning.

— V. Viswanathan Nam­biar

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