Assocham Bulletin - - ENERGY -

Out of the 5 types of Re­new­able En­ergy - Wind, So­lar, Biomass, Geother­mal En­ergy and Hy­dro­elec­tric Power, So­lar Power is the most sought after and is a fast de­vel­op­ing in­dus­try in In­dia. In Jan­uary 2015 the In­dian Govern­ment ex­panded its so­lar plans, tar­get­ing US$100 bil­lion in in­vest­ment and 100 GW of so­lar ca­pac­ity in­clud­ing 40 GW from rooftop so­lar by 2022. In­dia's ini­tia­tive of 100 GW of so­lar en­ergy by 2022 is an am­bi­tious tar­get, since the world's in­stalled so­lar-power ca­pac­ity in 2017 is ex­pected to be 303 GW. The im­prove­ments in so­lar power tech­nol­ogy in re­cent years has made this task achiev­able as cheaper so­lar power need not de­pend on costly and pol­lut­ing coal! gas/nu­clear based power gen­er­a­tion for en­sur­ing sta­ble grid op­er­a­tion.

In ad­di­tion to its largescale grid-con­nected so­lar PV ini­tia­tive, In­dia is de­vel­op­ing off-grid so­lar power for lo­cal en­ergy needs. In 2015 only 55 per­cent of all ru­ral house­holds had ac­cess to elec­tric­ity, and 85 per­cent of ru­ral house­holds de­pended on solid fuel for cook­ing. As the coun­try has a poor ru­ral elec­tri­fi­ca­tion rate, So­lar prod­ucts like so­lar cook­ers, lanterns, so­lar home light­ing sys­tems and street light­ing have in­creas­ingly helped to meet ru­ral needs.

Withabout 300clearand sunny days in a year, the cal­cu­lated so­lar en­ergy in­ci­dence on In­dia's land area is about 5000 tril­lion kilo­watt-hours per year. The so­lar en­ergy avail­able in a sin­gle year ex­ceeds the pos­si­ble en­ergy out­put of all of the fos­sil fuel en­ergy re­serves in In­dia. In­dia has an es­ti­mated re­new­able en­ergy po­ten­tial ofabout 900GW from com­mer­cially ex­ploitable sources in­clud­ing Wind - 102 GW; Small Hy­dro - 20GW; BioEn­ergy - 25 GW; and 750 GW of So­lar Power. If this po­ten­tial is uti­lized then In­dia has the ca­pa­bil­ity of gen­er­at­ing more en­ergy than In­dia's to­tal en­ergy con­sump­tion per year.

Speak­ing at the con­fer­ence, For­mer Sec­re­tary, Min­istry of Petroleum and Nat­u­ral Gas, Mr. S. C. Tri­pathi, spoke about how de­vel­op­ment is about har­ness­ing and ac­cess­ing sources of en­ergy. He also added that the tax­a­tion sys­tem should be such that it en­cour­ages Make in In­dia, re­fer­ring to the higher GST on fin­ished prod­ucts and lower rates on com­po­nents. Har­ness­ing So­lar En­ergy is a long-term project and must be

dealt with in its en­tirety. This means the short term as well as long-term mea­sures need to be taken.

Dr. Ma­hesh Sharma, Union Min­is­ter of State (IC) Cul­ture and En­vi­ron­ment, For­est & Cli­mate Change spoke about how a win-win sit­u­a­tion needs to be cre­ated for the Na­tion and for busi­ness ven­tures. He said that the govern­ment is en­cour­ag­ing in­no­va­tions though pro­grams like Make in In­dia, Skill In­dia and Startup In­dia to cre­ate a clean and pol­lu­tion free In­dia. He spoke of how about 60% of vil­lages in In­dia only re­ceive elec­tric­ity for 3-4 hours in a day. He, thus, em­pha­sized the need for young peo­ple to in­no­vate and solve the power needs of the coun­try. It is also im­por­tant for In­dia to counter Chi­nese Com­pe­ti­tion.

Dr. K. D. Gupta, Chair­man, IASRD and ASSOCHAM Na­tional Coun­cil on Waste and Wa­ter Man­age­ment, spoke about the need to pa­tron­ize R & D. This, he said, is es­sen­tial for In­dia to meet the tar­get of 100 GWby 2022.

A knowl­edge pa­per ti­tled Sus­tain­able So­lar In­dus­try - A Way For­ward was re­leased dur­ing the con­fer­ence. This was fol­lowed by tech­ni­cal dis­cus­sions on Op­ti­miza­tion of So­lar In­dus­try for Sus­tain­able So­lar Power and In­no­va­tive Tech­nol­ogy and In­vest­ment Op­por­tu­ni­ties to de­velop So­lar In­dus­try. Tech­ni­cal ex­perts and dis­tin­guished dig­ni­taries in­cluded For­mer Di­rec­tor BHEL and Founder Pres­i­dent, EMPI Busi­ness School, Mr. Gur­nam Saran; Chief Elec­tri­cal En­gi­neer/ Plan­ning, DMRC, Mr. Man­jul Sing­hal; CEO, Skill Coun­cil for Green Jobs (SCGJ),Dr. Praveen Sax­ena; Di­rec­tor (Sci­en­tist F), Min­istry ofNew and Re­new­able En­ergy( MNRE), Dr. P. C. Pant; For­mer Vice-Chan­cel­lor and Founder Pres­i­dent 'En­vi­ron­ment and PeaceFoun­da­tion', Pro­fes­sor (Dr .) Vi rend ra Go swami; and Mr. D. S. Raw at, Sec­re­tary Gen­eral, ASSOCHAM, amongst many oth­ers.

In­dia could make re­new­able en­ergy re­sources the back­bone of its econ­omy by 2030, cur­tail­ing car­bon emis­sions with­out com­pro­mis­ing its eco­nomic-growth po­ten­tial. A study sug­gested that 100 GW of so­lar power could be gen­er­ated through a mix of util­ity-scale and rooftop so­lar, with the re­al­iz­able po­ten­tial for rooftop so­lar be­ing 40 GWby 2022.

(L-R) Dr. K. D. Gup­taChair­man, IASRD

& ASSOCHAM Na­tional Coun­cil on Waste & Wa­ter Man­age­ment,

Mr. D. S. Rawat - Sec­re­tary Gen­eral, ASSOCHAM, Mr.

S. C. Tri­pathiFormer Sec­re­tary, Min­istry of Petroleum & Nat­u­ral Gas, Chief Pa­tron IASRD, Mr. Sub­hash

C. Agar­wal, Chair­man, (SMC) & Pres­i­dent IASRD, Mr. ~ Gur­nam Saran - For­mer Di­rec­tor BHEL& Founder Pres­i­dent, EMPI Busi­ness School.

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