Israeli researchers create human genome atlas
Scientists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel have created an atlas of the human genome, which highlights the roles genes play in health and disease, using gene editing technology and human embryonic stem cells.
The study showed that only 9 per cent of all the genes in the human genome are essential for the growth and survival of human embryonic stem cells, whereas 5 per cent actually limit the growth of these cells. The scientists could also analyse the role of genes responsible for all hereditary disorders in early human development and growth and were able to show how cancercausing genes could affect the growth of the human embryo. The study also identified a small group of genes which are essential for the survival of human embryonic stem cells and not other types. The researchers believe these genes maintain the identity of embryonic stem cells and prevent them from becoming cancerous or turning into adult cells.